S. Africa College to be Government University
Catholic Herald Correspondent
THE British Government and officials of Pius XII Catholic University College, Roma, Basutoland, have agreed on a new charter making the college a nondenominational university run by the British Government.
The new university—known as the University of Basutoland. Bechuanaland and Swaziland — includes a Catholic college run by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Canadian Province) who. with the backing of the South African Hierarchy, founded the original college for Africans in 1945 with six students.
In 1955 the University of
South Africa gave Pius XII College the status of an associated college. In the next five years the campus grew from 50 to 100 acres and the enrolment to 167.
After 1960, the governments of the High Commission Territories gave full support to the college's teacher-training programme, extension courses were set up for Basutoland and the College began residential courses in public administration to help local government development.
The College's role as the university of the High Commission Territories grew as it became clear that there would no longer be a place for students from the territories in the educational system of 'he Republic of South Africa.
Chief representative for the British Government on the drawng up of the new charter was Sir Douglas Vealc. former Registrar sif Oxford University. and who nelped develop Uganda's Makerere University. Under the charter: I. The territorial governments will share costs (each student must be subsidised) and control.
2. St. Pius XII College remains as a college within the university and run by the Oblate Fathers.
3. The superior and administrator of the college are ex offico members of the university council, 4. The Catholic Church has a permanent right to a Chaplaincy. 5. Readerships in Catholic Theology and in philosophy are to be maintained at the University for Catholics nominated by Pius XII College.
6. The College has the right to set up, with its own funds, a Catholic Centre and Catholic hostels and to sponsor lectureships in such "critical" areas as economics, political science. psychology and sociology and any other academic subjects which the church may, now or later, consider specially important.
Building of the Catholic Centre is planned for 1964.
Basutoland, pop. 697,000: Bechuanaland, pop. 288.000, and Swaziland. pop. 266,000, all border to a greater or lesser extent on South African Territories. All three are known as British High Commission Territories.
An American missionary priest, Fr. Walter Maxey, has started a rent-a-carabao service for his Filipino parishioners. Carahaos (water-buffalos) are the only motive power able to negotiate the mud during the rainy season. The parish credit union, which Fr. Maxey earlier set up, now has 14 buffalos available to local farmers.