By ANATOLE Y. BA1KALOFF The dissolution of the Comintern is an event of such tremendous importance that at present it is impossible to assess, with any degree of accuracy, all its probable consequences and repercussions.
There are, of course, some doubts as to the genuineness of the suicide which this sinister body seemed to have committed. It might be the case of " playing 'possum." Officially buried. the Comintern may continue its disruptive activities in secret, through those clandestine channels which it laid up during the 24 years of its existence On the other hand, it might have killed itself good and proper. The time will. soon RITCPW which of the two assumptions is true.
In either case, however, Communism, as philosophical, sociological and political doctrine, is bound to suffer terriblk, for even the feigned death of Comintern means a severe blow to the fundamental idea of the World Prole
tarian Revolution, The Communists throughout the world may continue to shout their slogan, " Workers of all lands, unite," but this slogan will be an empty word because the practical means of achieving this unity will no longer exist, It is easy to imagine what confusion in the minds of many honot and sincere Communists the dissolution of the Comintern will produce. Veit most cherished dream is deliberately. smashed to pieces by their own leaders.
-NatSonalism has once again triumphed over the idea of " internationalism " which, in reality, meant' the destruction of all national peculiarities, sentiment and tradition, and levelling down all nations to the standard of uniform atheistic and materialistic " proletarian culture."
OUR GUESS •
We don't know what considerations prompted the Kremlin to make this momentous decision. We can only guess them, and as our guess is as good as any other, we venture to proffer it here.
It appears that the most weighty motive should be sought in the internal situation in Russia. Since the very beginning of the Soviet-German war a strong appeal was made by the Soviet leaders to the nationalist spirit and sentiment of the Russian people Forgotten and suppressed episodes and personalities of Russian history were dug out and persistently displayed, with all the means and ingenuity of the modern propaganda technique, before the Russian public, The war was termed as " The Great Patriotic War," cult of Russian oational heroes was restored, Russian national tradition was 'praised with almost jingoist fervour, and so forth.
We all know what response this appeal has produced. The heroic resistance of the Russian people to the invaders, their readiness to make supreme sacrifice for their beloved country has surprised the world and filled it with admiration for the inborn fine qualities of the Russian national character.
There is reason to believe that the Soviet leaders themselves were astonished by the effect of their appeal, and realised that they had released a force which threatened to get. out of their control. The abandonment of the idea of the world revolution has thus become inevitable There was, apparently. strong doubt in the minds of the Soviet !faders as to the readiness of the Russian people to fight for the triumph of Communism as hard as they had fought for thetr national independence and for integrity of their motherland.
In order to keep internal develop. ments in Russia under their control and to strengthen, on the eve of the decisive battles of the summer cam paign, the fighting spirit of the Russian army the Soviet leaders had to jettison the Comintern together with the idea of the world revolution.
The conditions in Europe may have provided another very powerful motive for the disbandment of the Comintern. The German propaganda mada an extremely clever use of the impression created by the Soviet-Polish conflict amongst small Euroasean nations and in influential Allied circles. The New York Times hit the nail on the head when it wrote: " American opinion will not look favourably on any proposal to put small nations of Europe on the auction block in order to purchase Russian confidence and co-operation. The European nations did not go to war against Hitler to submit to Russian domination."
The jettisoning of the Comintern may take the sting out of German propaganda and remove the fear, so acutely felt in many countries of Europe, of being thrown from the frying pan of Nazism into a boiling ceuldron of Communism after the war.
It remains to be seen whether the disbandment of the Comintern isonly an isolated gesture destined to allay, for the time being, fear, suspicion and mistrust felt by a great number of people towards the Soviets, or a beginning of a demolition of the whole edifice of Communism with all its sinister and destructive ramifications.