Jesuits need to remember their vow of obedience, says Benedict XVI
POPE BENEDICT XVI has bluntly reminded Jesuits to stay faithful to the teaching of the Church.
The Pope told more than 200 members of the order that they needed to act "in full fidelity to the original charism". That charism, he added. was marked by an obedience to the Church and to the pope.
He said that Jesuits should maintain "harmony with the Magisterium" in order to avoid confusion among Catholics.
"I well understand that this is a particularly delicate and troublesome issue for you and for many of your colleagues.Benedict XVI said. But he added that the order should seek to regain "a fuller understanding" of its fourth vow of obedience.
The Pope also asked the Jesuits to continue to be pioneers in dialogue and theological research and to continue to work towards justice. "The Church needs you. counts on you and continues to turn to you with trust," he said in an address to representatives of the order last week.
Fr Adolfo Nicolas, the newly elected superior general of the order, told the Pope: "In communion with the Church and guided by the Magisterium, we are seeking to dedicate ourselves deeply to service, discernment and research."
He said that members of the General Congregation were aware of their responsibility to the Church as a whole, but were also aware of the need for humility, "recognising that the mystery of God and of the human person is much greater than our ability to understand".
The new superior told the Pope that "it saddens us" when people try to present the Jesuits as a group of rebel theologians opposed to traditional Church teaching or to the hierarchy.
"The inevitable insufficiencies and superficialities of some of us," he said, "frequently are only manifestations of human limits and imperfections or of the inevitable tensions of daily life."
The Jesuits, he said, love and serve the Church, including the hierarchy and the Pope himself.
In a remarkably direct speech Benedict XVI told the Jesuits that the rapidly changing world, with its technological advances and its wars, its aspirations for peace and its threats to the environment, the new possibilities it offers for dialogue and its new forms of poverty, calls for a response of hope and of salvation from the Church.
The Pope said that 450 years ago the Jesuits were sent to far-off lands to preach the Gospel. but "today new peoples do not know the Lord or know him poorly", and are far from the Church culturally more than geographically.
"The obstacles that challenge those who proclaim the Gospel are not seas or great distances", but rather new barriers that modern societies and cultures have placed between "faith and human knowledge, faith and modern science, faith and the commitment to justice", he said.
Pope Benedict encouraged the Jesuits to continue ensuring the high level of intellectual, cultural and spiritual preparation of their members so that they could cross the barriers and demonstrate how faith is not opposed to knowledge, science and justice, but is instead the ingredient that enables them to respond to the deepest desires of the human heart.
Reminding the Jesuits of the letter he sent them before they elected Fr Nicolas, Pope Benedict said the Jesuits must continue their theological work on themes related to sexuality and to other religions, but they must do so in a way that helps people understand Church teaching on the topics.
"The themes of the salvation of all people in Christ, of sexual morality, of marriage and the family continually discussed and questioned today must be deepened and enlightened in the context of contemporary reality. but maintaining the harmony with the Magisterium that will avoid provoking confusion and concern among the people of God," he told them.
Pope Benedict also objected, to the idea some Jesuits have that the order's special fourth vow of obedience to the pope is limited to obeying him when he asks an individual Jesuit or the entire order to undertake a specific mission.
The Pope said the "fuller meaning" of the vow, according to the thought of Jesuit founder St Ignatius of Loyola, is "to love and serve the vicar of Christ on earth with that 'effective and affective' devotion that makes you his precious and irreplaceable collaborators in his service of the universal Church".
While the members of the Jesuit General Congregation continue to meet and discuss possible documents to guide the order in the immediate future, they also finalised the membership of the order's central government.
Fr James Grummer, a member of the Jesuits' Wisconsin province, was reappointed regional assistant for North America as well as being named one of Fr Nicolas's four special assistants. Another of the special assistants is Fr Federico Lombardi, who will assist Fr Nicolas while continuing in his post as director of the Vatican press office, Vatican Radio and the Vatican television centre.
Days earlier Benedict XVI told the executive committee of the International Union of Superiors General that it was becoming more difficult to proclaim the Gospel in today's era of secularisation.
He noted in his address that orders and congregations with "a long tradition in the Church" had suffered a "difficult crisis due to the ageing of members, a more or less accentuated fall in vocations and, sometimes, a spiritual and charismatic 'weariness' ".