Irish fighter who became President MR. SEAN THOMAS O'KELLY, President of the Irish Republic from 1945 to 1959, who died in Dublin last week at the age of 84, was closely associated with the patriotic movements of early this century, and was interned twice by the British in 1916 and 1917.
He was in his early twenties when he helped Arthur Griffith to found Sinn Fein, and was honorary secretary to the organisation from 1908 to 1910. He was a journalist by profession, and he and Griffith, also a journalist, were responsible for the various publications that emanated from Sinn Fein.
After the Easter Rising of 1916 he was a prisoner with other Sinn Feiners in Richmond Barracks, Dublin, and in June was deported and interned at Wandsworth. The following Christmas he was released, but in February, 1917, he was again deported and remained interned until the general amnesty in June.
He was elected Sinn Fein M.P. for North Dublin in 1918, but had resolved with other Sinn Fein candidates not to take his seat at Westminster if elected. When the illegal First Dail Eireann was summoned to sit in Dublin the following January, he was chosen as Speaker, holding office until 1921.
Mrs. Gandhi visits drought areas
AFIRST-HAND description of the Indian drought situation was given to the CATHOLIC HERALD by Fr. Anthony Savona, S.J., last week.
Of the Santal Mission, which covers Purnea and Santal Parganas in Bihar and Malda and West Dinajpin in West Bengal, Fr. Savona said Mrs. Gandhi, the Prime Minister, had visited the area and put aid on a "war basis". She had ordered emergency food, medical supplies and water to be brought to the communities.
Stocks of rice were practically non-existent, While in Britain he had met Mr. H. A. Bates, who has collected £10,000 in 2f years for the mission's work.
ON THE 25th anniversary of their first meeting in London 30 members of the Guild of St. Franck de Sales, the Association of Catholic Journalists, last week had a champagne dinner on a British Eagle Flight to Glasgow. The party (pictured here) said the Rosary for deceased members during the outbound flight.
Social Morality Council meeting
COMMON approaches to the Moral problems of today will be discussed by leaders of the Christian Churches and the Jewish Community at the first general meeting of the Social Morality Council which is to be held in the Jerusalem Chamber of Westminster Abbey at noon next Thursday. The council plans to co-operate with the British Humanist Associat ion over certain national and international issues. AN 11-year-old boy who ad
mitted in Daventry juvenile court, Northants, that he had set fire to a Catholic church, was told „Oat he had committed an "act Tif desecration". He also admitted stealing five prayer books, 14 rosaries and one communion medal. The boy was sent to a remand home for three weeks for psychiatric reports.
A BAZAAR organised by the Union of Catholic Mothers at Rushden St, Peter's Church, Northants, raised £376 for the church extension fund. Fr. J. Harris, priest in charge, congratulated the union, which was formed only in February.
THE Christmas fair at St.
Patrick's Church, Southport, raised £535 towards the school soon to be built close to the church. This was £100 more than last year. Fr. M. Hannan, parish priest of St. Marie's, Southport, who opened the fair, said he hoped the school would unite the two parishes even more closely.
A PASTORAL and Ecumenical " Centre at Wood Hall, near Wetherby, Yorks, is holding leadership courses, schoolleavers' retreats and ecumenical weekends, and planning residen
tial courses for the various congregations of nuns in the Leeds diocese. Its stress will be on the moderate rather than radical lines of post-Conciliar thinking.
AVOCATION stall was staffed
by the Vocation Sisters of Hallaton Hall, Market Harborough, Leics., at the Christmas bazaar held by St. Mary's Church, Loughborough, Leics. One exhibit on the stand was a life-size model of a Cistercian monk.
CHAPLAINS are being appointed to three nondenominational youth clubs in Newcastle under Lyme, Staffs. They will be drawn from all denominations, and their main job will he to advise young people on their problems.
CARITAS INTERNATION ALIS has sent further details of the relief work being done in Italy and Austria following the recent floods. The Pontificia Opera di Assistenza has opened its summer holiday camps for the reception of homeless families, help has been received from the U.S. Hierarchy, Caritas Switzerland and France's Secours Catholique, The C.W.L. Relief and Refugee Committee sent 1500 in addition to the £1,000 sent previously. Donations earmarked for Italian, Austrian or Yugoslav Flood Relief should be sent to 2Jc Ashley Place, S.W.1.
A SERVICE commemorating the centenary of the death of Fr. Prout will be held at St. Ann, Shandon, on Sunday, December 11, at 11.30 a.m. It will be broadcast by Radio Eireann. Fr. Prout wrote "The Bells of Shandon", which immortalised this famous landmark of Cork.
THE Christian's obligation to
contribute to the wellbeing of a nation was emphasised by Cardinal Conway of Armagh at a ceremony at Dun Mhuire making him a Freeman of Wexford. The Cardinal was the 14th recipient of the Freedom of Wexford. Among others were the late President Kennedy and Cardinal Cushing of Boston.
LD. William McAnaney, former Mayor of South Shields, who was chairman of the South Shields hospital management committee, died last week aged 72.
AMEMBER of St. Godric's
parish, Durham, Mrs. Emma Ryan, of Framwellgatc Moor, Co. Durham, died last week at the age of 103. Mrs. Ryan, who was born at Whitby, Yorkshire, had been a widow for 55 years.
A CHRISTMAS Anthology of ' choral and organ works, Scuola di Chiesa, conducted by John Hoban, is being given in the Church of Notre Dame dc France, Leicester Place, W.C.2. on December 15 at 8 p.m. Admission is by programme, at 10s., 7s. 6d. and 5s., which can be obtained from the church or from Chappell's Box Office, 13 St. George Street, London, W.I. WORK has started on a new Catholic church at Milford, Surrey, estimated to cost £29,500 Fr. M. E. Pledger, parish priest at Godalming, who is receiving donations towards the cost, reports that to date about half the amount needed has been received.
CANON THOMAS KEARNEY, Scotland's oldest serving Catholic priest, has died at Wishaw, Lanarkshire, aged 92. He was ordained in St. Andrew's Cathedral, Glasgow, in 1903,
BISHOP CASHAM of Arundel and Brighton last week visited the Kind Edward VII Hospital at Midhurst, Sussex, to inspect the new Catholic chapel. He preached and assisted at Mass celebrated by the chaplain, Fr. C. A. Waller.
MR. ERNEST McKIE, of Downham, Kent, secretary of the Southwark diocese Association of Catholic Trade Unionists, was this week presented with a ribbon and gold bar in recognition of 38 years' service to the Transport and General Workers' Union. He is also secretary of the ACTU National Federation, and represents that body on the National Council of the Lay Apostolate.
MISS GERTRUDE SAVAGE, housekeeper to Fr. Charles E. Jones, of the Southwark diocese, for 24 years, died on November 18 at the age 74. She was with him whets he was parish priest at Mellor Street, Dover, South Norwood, Preston Park, and Blackheath.
A REPORT received by the " Catholic Marriage Advisory Council at its annual general meeting said that a record of 11,139 new clients were seen at the 66 centres. Ninety-six courses for engaged couples were attended by 3,500 people. 281 courses in schools were organised and 150 courses were run for parents.
A SUNDAY bus service is now ' provided to take the people of Caherconlish, Co. Limerick, to Mass. Up to a few weeks ago they had Sunday Mass in a local hall in Caherconlish, but this is now being converted into a church.
CROUP CAPT. LEONARD CHESHIRE, V.C., gave a talk last week in the Civic Hall, Welwyn Village, Herts., on his homes for the young chronic sick and handicapped both at home and abroad. He emphasised the need for such a home in Hertfordshire.
FR. GEORGE ELDRIDGE
died last Saturday in the Royal Free Hospital. Formerly parish priest at Our Lady of Lourdes, New Southgate, and at Chiswick and Buntingford, Hertfordshire, Fr. Eldridge was ordained in 1931. For a time he taught at Gunnersbury grammar school.
CANON BERNARD LIND
SAY has retired as parish priest of St. Swithun'a, Southsea, and as Provost of the Portsmouth diocese, at the age of 76. Parishioners presented him with a set of Mass vestments as a retirement gift. Earlier this year he celebrated the golden jubilee of his ordination at a special Mass in the presence of Bishop Worlock.
WHILE attending Mass at the
Church of the Immaculate Conception, Penzance, Mr. and Mrs. Harold McKiernan were told that fire had completely destroyed their home at Fore Street, Maranon. Mr. McKiernan, a retired builder, and his wife made arrangements to stay with one of their sons, who lives in the Camborne-Redruth area.
Archbishop Cardinale, speaking in St. Patrick's, Soho, last Sunday — Emigration Sundayappealed.to Catholics to show hospitality to immigrants at all times.
He reminded the congregation that the Holy Family was a "migrant family" fleeing from oppression, and to mark the occasion concelebrated Mass with Mgr. Mencgardi, representing the Italian community, Fr. Herranz (Spanish), Mgr. Solowiej (Polish), Fr. Coppola, O.F.M. (Maltese), Mgr. lspanki (Hungarian) and Mgr. Rivers (the secretary of the British Council of Migration).
THE Catholic Association of Widows is expanding. Last Friday a new branch was launched in Southwark Diocese— the fourth in Britain. The others are in Westminster, Liverpool and Portsmouth. It has yet to elect its officers, but in the meantime Mrs. Magdalen Proctor, of 56 Birdport Road, Thornton Heath, Surrey, is handling inquiries.
A FUND set up in Co. Limerick to aid Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Sheeran, of Rathmore, Croom, Co. Limerick, whose home was destroyed by fire, has reached £500. They lost two children, Tadhg (14) and Veronica (10).