WHAT is the meaning and tie origin of the Papal Tiara?
THE present tiara is a cylindrical, top-pointed (or "bee-hive" shaped) head-dress, bearing a triple crown, which is worn by the Pope in processions and on the occasion of solemn dogmatic definitions; in purely liturgical functions the mitre, not the tiara, is worn.
The tiara is placed upon the head of the Pope at his coronation by the second Cardinal Deacon, with the words: "Receive the tiara adorned with three crowns, and know that thou art Father of princes and kings, Ruler of the world, Vicar of our Saviour Jesus Christ." These words refer to the Pope's supreme spiritual jurisdiction. The tiara is a development front the earlier mitre, in order to distinguish the tiara from the ordinary episcopal head-dress, the mitre. Originally the tiara was probably a part of the Byzantine court dress.
The first definite appearance of the word "tiara" as the designation of the papal head-dress is found (according to the liturgical authority Braun) in the life of Pascal II (c. 1100) in the Liber Pontificals.
The second crown was added by Pope Boniface VIII (c. 1294); the third crown first appeared on the monument of Pope Benedict XII (c. 1334), fragments of which exist in the museum at Avignon.
Going to Moscow
Fr. Louis A. Dion, A.A., the American priest who was recently granted a visa by the Soviet authorities for him to go to Moscow to care for American Catholics living there, is expected to leave the United States in the middle of this month. His visa expires on January 31. He will replace Fr. Georges Bissonnette, A.A., who was expelled by the Russians in March, 1955.