PEAS are always acceptable in
` August, and fairly easy to ensure. A row sown now should
provide a welcome change. Many gardeners try to ensure successional cropping by sowing varieties calculated to mature in rotation; unfortunately, peas are seldom so obliging. It is best to sow early varieties at intervals of about a fortnight. It should be stressed that for fine pods during the hottest weather there should be plenty of humus in the soil. Lawn mowings are very useful for this purpose. They can be dug in well below the level intended for seeds when the land is being prepared, or may be distributed as a mulch on the surface of the soil. Established rows now in flower will benefit irons this treatment.
Beet should now be sown to yield the main supply for autumn and winter use. Although the beet is normally hardy, and seed can be sown in March and April for early use, the most succulent winter dishes are prepared from those sown fairly late. Celeriac, or turnip-rooted celery, may be sown also for winter use. The seed is very fine indeed, and it will therefore be necessary to have a very tine tilde The soil should not be allowed to become dry. Growth will be slow at first, but there are no cultural difficulties. The plant forms a bulbous root which attains a fair size on good soil. It is very haidy. Thin the plants to a foot each way.
Ordinary celery should be hardened off and stimulated gently for outdoor planting. Rich quarters should be prepared. Apart from being gross feeders,
celery plants are really very easy to manage. The type called self-blanching needs no earthing at all.
MULCHING AND HOEING Mulching means the application to the surface of a blanket of moistureretaining material such as old manure, leaves, or lawn mowings. Raspberries especially benefit from it at the present season when the flowers are open and the young fruit is setting. We shall need all the soft fruit we can get this year. Before applying the mulch to cane fruits, it should be possible to thin the young shoots springing from the base to a moderate number (say four or six) to a plant. Others should be thoroughly grubbed out. Do not disturb the fibrous feeding roots of the mother plant.
Another method of retaining moisture is that of constantly keeping the surface soil fine by hoeing. It must be said at the outset that there is more pious fancy than scientific fact behind many recommendations of the hoe; none the less, hoeing does keep weeds down particularly whets used on a hot day, and it does aerate the soil. But• don't use the hoe just for the sake of something to do, like sonic enthusiasts.
One good boy and one good girl, and another boy and girl who are not so good, discuss in turn with a ridssioncr the dangers of keeping company. This discussion appears in Fie John J. Gorey's pamphlet called May Keep Company ? (C.T.S., 3d.) Valuable to youngsters in their teens, more so to their parents, perhaps.