rrliE procession of more than 500 Bishops into -1the Council of Chalcedon was mirrored across 15 centuries in St. Peter's yesterday when the Holy Father entered the basilica on the sedia gestatoria to preside at Pontifical High Mass to celebrate the centenary.
In this solemn "Papal Chapel," every Cardinal in Rome, with Patriarchs, Archbishops, Bishops. the ecclesiastical and lay members of the Pontifical Court, as well as scores of priests IICCOM. partied His Holiness to the altar, Recalling the presence of the Imperial delegates at the Council, all the members of the diplomatic corps accredited to the Holy See attended the Mass in a special tribune.
Last Friday, in the magnificeet Palazzo Pin — where the recent World Congress of the Lay Apostolate was held-Cardinal Agagianian, the Armenian Patriarch, delivered the official address marking the exact anniversary of the Council of Chalcedon.
The Cardinal recounted the story of the Council's work, its definition of the doctrine of the two Natures. divine and human. of Our Lord, and its vindication of the primacy of the Roman Pontiff. •
Ten Cardinals. 40 Archbishops and Bishops, the Mayor and several councillors of Rome, and many Italian senators and deputies tilled the great assembly hall to capacity.
After Cardinal Agagianian's address, the Ttt es Petrus—sung by a choir of six voices — was heard through the loudspeakers, relayed by the Italian State network.
Then the voice of the Holy Father. speaking over Vatican Radio, echoed through the Palazzo Pio.
Seated by a microphone In the Vatican. His Holiness said:
"We are with you at this moment. itt a spirit which transcends time, at the sacred Oecumenical Council of Chalcedon.
"We recall the truth — solemnly defined against the many heresies which threatened ruin—which is the basis of the entire dogmatic structure.
" With deep feeling we testify from the very same throne as the great Pontiff Leo 1. who through his Legate presided over the memorable General Synod.
East and West
"Just as he rescued Rome from the barbarians and preserved the Christian world from ruin, so we can testify to the unshaken faith of the Church—which the hostile forces of olden days could not destroy—in the two natures of Christ, divine and human. existing without mixture or division in the One Person known to us through the Gospels, "Fifteen hundred years ago East and West rejoiced in that solernn definition. And likewise today the Catholic world joins with us in giving glory to God Whom this belief confirmed according to promise—a belief which was made vital, workable, triumphant over all the insidious attacks of restless. frail and perishable human thought.
" We thank God for such visible help.
Today we keep watch from this throne agains new threats to a truth which ensures victory to the Church and her children.
"We urge all those who are taking part in this centuries-old commemoration to raise their minds and hearts with us in prayer to Our Lord Jesus Christ, true God and true Man, and to reaffirm their faith in His divine Person for the Church and for each of her members."
Cardinal Micara, the Pope's VicarGeneral and Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, had earlier laid the first foundation stone of a new church in Rome to be dedicated to St. Leo J, the Pope who convened the Council of Chalcedon.