THE. MPLA should become the Government of Angola, says the Catholic Institute for International Relations in its latest Comment which is being published this week. But, it adds, the MPLA should cornpromise its policy and be willing to share power with the other nationalist movements.
The Angola Comment is a short account of the background to the present conflict. It analyses the local situation in the African and international contexts and shows how the Russians, Americans, Cubans and South Africans came to be involved.
The first priority is to de-escalate the civil war, the CIIR argues. This must be done by withdrawal of all foreign intervention and the ending of arms supplies to the combatants. It says that unless this is done soon, Angola could become an international conflict.
"South Africa has already launched the biggest call-up operation since the Second World War. Unless urgent steps are taken the conflict could escalate to a major war involving not only neighbour. ing States but embroiling the superpowers in direct confrontation. The CIIR analysis shows that the fear of Communism taking over Africa is groundless, and sees South African influence and military power as a much greater threat to peace in Africa.
It quotes a recent statement by President Nyerere of Tanzania in which he said that the fight in Angola "is a light for real independence against racialist South Africa, not a fight between Communists and non-Communists."
• The issues m Angola are revealed in the Comment as being primarily economic. Investment in Angola, potentially the second richest country in Southern Africa, comes largely from America and South Africa.
The latter has invested large sums in the Cunene River Scheme, a complex of dams designed to produce hydro-electric power for South African industry.