Page 3, 30th May 1941

30th May 1941
Page 3
Page 3, 30th May 1941 — Your Garden is Vital

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Your Garden Is Vital In War

Page 2 from 29th December 1939

Your Garden is Vital

War by E. KING, AS a rule by this time the broad beans are at least two feet in height, even from sowings made quite late in March, and the plants are in bloom with some pods set on the lower trusses. This year only autumn sown broad beans are generally in flower in inland districts. However, this does not mean that we shall be immune from the black fly which usually appears when the plants have set a sufficiency of pods. We may have this pest long before we have criough flowers set; so on the first sign of it this year I should recommend you not to pinch out the tops of the bean plants {the usual procedure) but to spray them with a solution of Clensel as recommended cut the bottle. It is cheap, and useful In the house as well.

Don't plant seedling runner beans out just yet. This is a very peculiar year. But celery plants thoroughly hardened off can be planted out for the earliest yield, These will have been raised originally in the warm greenhouse. Most of us still have quite tiny celery and celeriac seedlings. Their turn will come later.

Where endive is required for autumn rather than winter yield a sowing may be made now out-of-doors. This refreshing and piquant salad should be more widely grown. The main sowing is made in July and early August for winter and spring yield.

If any of your crops has gone astray, take steps to fill the gap. Owing to the unprecedented cold, cairot seed has in some gardens conic up irregularly. Bald patches in the rows can have a few Early Market carrot seeds sown there right away. Don't blame the seed out of hand: think first of the soil and cold and your own tilth. Supplementary crops can be obtained in less than two months from present .sowings of 'Early Model turnip; the soil should be fine and kept fairly moist., and the thinning should be done early

Most crops should show now how well or ill they have withstood this most trying of all the springs I remember. Thin out before the seedlings are large and their roots entangled and stunted, and keep down the weeds by an immediate attack, especially between the leeks end onions.


Instead of retorting "Oh yeah l" just have a look at your apple and pear trees. Caterpillars are often in evidence just now, and aphis is to be seen on plums. Before these get out of control and out of reach its the leaves which they curl and weave together, give them a picking over with finger and thumb (unless you have too many) and also a series of washes with a good harm less insecticide, such as derris. A -timely application of derris spray or dust will also keep down the beetles which cause soft fruits of the raspberry and bramble tribe to be destroyed by caterpillars. It is rather too late to make amends for the omission of mid-winter spraying, but good will definitely be done. Where gooseberries are fattening and plums and damsons can be seen to have made a good set, a mulch of farmyard manure will be permitted over the whole area occupied by the roots. Even apples which for years have borne heavily and don't make too much leaf, can have either this treatment or sulphate of ammonia. This means spurs and strength for next year's yield, too s but don't overdo it. This procedure should he adopted only with trees of known bearing ability, and should pert haps only be ventured upon as now when the fruit is set. Raspberries and the cane fruits can have plenty of manure as a mulch.


Those tomatoes which are being matured under glass have set a few fruits, and should now be given some stimulant in the shape of a little liquid manure. Tomatoes need potash--hard to get this year—which is usually contained in the ready-made tomato foods and relatively abundant in ashes from a slowly burned garden fire. Let the plants have all the light possible, but if scorching is seriously feared, don't hesitate to paint the glass with whitewash,

Vines should have their bunches thinned now or very soon. Special scissors can be obtained for this purpose, but nail scissors are useful, Do the work by stages, but let it be done very thoroughly and evenly over the bunch. Vine cuttings and eyes which are being propagated are making notable growth; they should receive no manure but

should have an abundance of water, Let them stay in their pots and do not move them before they are dormant in the early part or winter.

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