By a Special Correspondent CZESTOCHOWA, Sunday CARDICARDINAL WYSZYNSKI, Primate of NAL has indicted his country's Communist regime for vitiating their social reforms with outright "religious war". The Cardinal was speaking today to 500,000 of the faithful assembled at Czestochowa to renew their baptismal vows.
monastery wall, the Primate "Should this war be stopped, we called for religious freedom in could do all we have been asked these terms: "We do not convert by using force, and we do not want to be diverted from God by force."
Social changes were necessary. Nobody could stop progress. But to change for the better meant to be true to God.
Expressing distrust of "certain new programmes undertaken by those who oppose religion", the Cardinal declared: "You must have heard of these programmes. They will hear fruit only with God's aid, and only provided they are in accord with God's laws.
"Unfortunately, it IS true that, although there are'noble under takings, they are affected by the religious war being waged. and this awakens our distrust in those undertakings. to do, even the most difficult and painful things, but not in a situation where there is hatred of God," Cardinal Wyszynski said.
He added that "we have always defended freedom. and we shall demand that nobody takes our religion from us. Some people may be at odds with God, but they ought not to put the burden of their quarrels with Him on us. This is opposed to the freedom of conscience guaranteed by law."
Many young people were among the crowd as the Cardinal pointed out that Poland's history is closely connected with the Church. and that the Catholic Church is Poland's national Church, Referring to attempts to establish a "patriotic Church" dissociated from the Holy See, the Cardinal insisted: "We do not want pseudo-national Churches. because our Roman Catholics Church already is the Polish National Church."
The Czestochowa rally was the largest since 1956, when the nine years' novena began. The clergy included 29 Bishops and nearly 1,000 priests and religious.
For the first time. the image of the Black Madonna of the Czestochowa national shrine was carried round the monastery walls by young people, and placed on an outdoor altar.
Bradford builds schools triangle
By B. A. Harrington
BR AD 10 R D'S new Blessed Edmund Campion Secondary modern school, which is to be opened next week, will form the second side of an educational triangle designed to provide for Bradford's rapidly growing Catholic population. At present the Catholic birthrate in the city is 23 per cent of the total, and it is claimed that no Catholic child reeking a Catholic school place has been turned away.
The new school will accommodate 900 boys and girls, and the design, by Mr. J. H. LangtryLangton, includes a large covered playground. Together with SI. Blaise's secondary modern school, opened two years ago. and another secondary modern school to be built for the eastern part of the city in 1964, the "triangle" will cost over £1 million.
Work is also to begin shortly on the Cardinal Hinsley Grammar School for boys and the Blessed Margaret Clilherow school for girls at Tong, which will take 1,200 boys and girls when they open in 1964. Total cost will be £470,000, and both schools will share a new swimming pool.
Expansion work is taking place at SI. Bede's and SI. Joseph's College, and four new primary schools have recently been opened at Bolton Road, Clayton, Dawnay Road and St. Paul's Avenue. Two new primary schools at Eccleshill and Buttershaw will be opened early in the new year. and SI. Columba's, Tong, is being extended to accommodate twice its present numbers of 280.
Beatifications during Council
POPE JOHN told a weekend general audience at Castelgandolfo that he hoped to preside at Pope Pius 1X's beatification at some tire during the forthcoming Council. He referred to Pius IX as one of the most hated and most loved figures of the 19th century.
It was Pius IX who convened the First Vatican Council in 1869, His beatification process was introduced in 1954. it has now reached the point where the Sacred Congregation of Rites must consider the heroic nature of his virtues and the miraculous cures attributed to him.
Three canonisations are scheduled for December 8 — Bl. Francesco Maria of Camporosso, 0.F.M.Cap., El. Pierre Eymard, S.S.S.. and Bt. Antonio Pucci. O.S.M. Tentative arrangements have been made to canonise RI. Vincent Pallotti in January.
Council medals for Pope John
THE first of a series of medals being made to commemorate the Second Vatican Council were presented to the Holy Father at the weekend by Celestino and Pietro Giampaolo, directors of the firm which makes them.
The medals bear likenesses of the Popes who have presided at the Ecumenical Councils of the past, and also of Pope John. On the other side is a representation of a Council in session, with the figure of Our Lord superimposed and the words: "Where there are two or three gathered in my name, there am I in the midst of them."