Mr. de Valera's new constitution came into force on Wednesday, and the Irish Free State, as it has been known for fifteen years, has disappeared. The King will be " recognised " for purposes of external representation but will not perform any functions in the internal affairs of the country.
The United States have accepted Japan's apology for the attack on the Panay, and the incident is now regarded as closed. At the same time the U.S. Government have made it clear that in future the Japanese must take greater care that the front line troops are properly under control and that no further violations of international law will be tolerated.
The Japanese have apologised to Britain for the attacks on H.M.S. Ladybird, and other British vessels on the Yangtsc, and also for various violations of British rights in Hong-Kong territorial waters, where a Japanese destroyer fired on a Chinese Customs cruiser.
The Tatarescu Government have resigned, following the loss of their Parliamentary majority consequent on the general election. A new Government has been formed headed by M. Cioga of the National Christian Party. The situation is explained by our Central European Correspondent on another page.
Domestic Strife in Egypt
The dimensions between King Farouk and his Wafdist cabinet have become acute after many weeks of strain. The situation is the more serious because of the excited partisanship which has been engendered by the public knowledge of the conflict between Palace and Cabinet.
The dispute began last October when Nahas Pasha, the Prime Minister, objected to the King's choice of Ali Maher Pasha as Chief of the Royal Cabinet. Nahas Pasha, the Prime Minister, withdrew his opposition, but trouble broke out again over an appointment to one of those seats in the Senate which are filled by Royal nomination based on the Prime Minister's advice.
The two main causes of dispute are now the continued existence of the Blue Shirts, a para-military organisation of the Wafdist party, and maintained by the Wafdist Government; and the Government's intention to introduce a Bill for the Protection of the Constitution. This Bill is regarded by the King as an invasion of his prerogative. A Bill of like character was disallowed by King Fuad in 1930. In the latter Bill a Prime Minister, appointed by the King, but without a Parliamentary majority, who failed to hold a general election, was to be sentenced to penal servitude for life.
The Teruel Salient
The Government forces are making a big effort at Teruel. Nearly a quarter of the total Government army is taking part in the attack, according to The Times corre-'1 soandent's estimate, and the Nationalist troops on the spot are at present seriously outnumbered.
There are still, at the time of writing, a few Nationalists holding out in Teruel itself. Meanwhile, behind the town, the, Government forces are attempting to drive the Nationalists back and thus straighten out their front line.
The Word War
The announcement that the B.B.C. is to start broadcasting in Arabic has aroused comment in the Italian press. The Italians refuse to admit they have broadcast antiBritish propaganda in Arabic since the conclusion of the Abyssinian war; all they have done was to tell the truth about the situation in Palestine, which they say, is not being divulged to the British public. The Italian papers also reserve to themselves the right to reply to any British anti
Italian propaganda. But England also is only going to broadcast the truth.
The Duce Attacks Democracy
The Duce has written an interesting attack on Democracy-or rather on the system of self-government by voting in which he claims that this system only works for the ordinary contingencies of life, not in the extraordinary ones.
This attack was occasioned by a proposal in the United States that the question of declaring war should be settled by a referendum. Mussolini argues that Democracy is proved to be unworkable from the fact that none of the Great Democracies allow such a referendum-with the possible exception of Switzerland.