MEDIATRESS OF ALL
GRACES, by Fr. Michael O'Carroll, C.S.Sp. (Golden Eagle Books Ltd., Dublin, 2 s.).
THE DOCTRINE that our Blessed Lady is the Mediatrix of all graces, though not de fide definita, is the common Catholic teaching, declared in Encyclicals and given a Proper Office and Mass by the Holy See on January 12. 1921, the use of which is permitted in any diocese where the Bishop applies for permission. There is obviously nothing incongruous in the doctrine it is obviously valde conveniens -for the Incarnation, source of all graces. was given through the instrumentality of Mary. As St. Bernardine of Siena put it (his words were quoted by Leo XII1): " Every grace which is communicated to this world has a
Crossword No. 504
Prizewinners. First prize, one guinea: Mrs. D. James, Westcliffon-Sea, Essex. Second prize, a book: Mrs. E. McElroy, Great Crosby, lanes. threefold stage. It is given by God to Christ, by Christ to the Virgin, and in due order by the Virgin to
The Way of Our Cross THEY crowned him with thorns and the briars took growth. We crown him with pleas when our lips are fear parched.Trees crucified bleed the
as our nails tear the bark, our voices croak harshly and our words echo void.
Falling prostrate we sorrow in the garden of agony, each cross tree bleeds guilt. Stagger now, soul bloodstained uphill, the way of our Cross,
to fall yet a thousand times till our knees heal no more.
Our Calvary Is hard gained.
yet Lord we are not worthy.
A. P. Graham us." Pope Leo also quoted St., Bernard: "God wished us to have everything through Mary."
THE present substantial work by Fr. O'Carroll (already known through seven books). published this year with the Southwark imprimatur, may well be regarded as a classic in its subject. Few English readers will know Bittremieux's standard work in French; though many will know Mgr. Canon Smith's invaluable monograph, " Mary's Part in our Redemption." There is little else up to now in English; thus the present work is doubly valuable. Its 27 chapters cover every point and aspect of the subject: the key-chapter being that which gives the book its title: "Mediatress of All Graces." While every chapter has its own particular point of interest and importance, the one just mentioned and that on "Co-Redemptress " (ch. XIV) supply a synthesis of the subject,. while many will find a special interest in the concluding chapter on "Apparitions and Shrines."
R. O'CA ROLL opens his introduction with an "apology" for a further book on Our Lady; but in view of the book he gives us an apology seems scarcely needed. Though the book is packed with learning and thoughtprovoking comment, and certainly with doctrine, he modestly says: "I have not aimed at a doctrinal treatise nor, on the other hand, merely at a work of devotion, hut at something intermediate which I think an educated Catholic would want to read." And a little earlier (in regard to books on any subject): " • . . no one looks for a constant flow of original judgment or a constant supply of hitherto undiscovered flee Perhaps it would he as well then to present this hook to readers as it stands and let them make up their own minds about It." But whatever conclusion they may reach, this is not a book to miss; for even the professed student Will he refreshed and the ordinary reader immensely informed. Two small points: though Fr. O'Carroll mentions a bibliography as appearing at the end of the book, no bibliography appears; and a general index would have been welcome.
ANGLICAN ORDINATIONS IN THE REIGN OF QUEEN MARY, by Fr. Charles Hoare, F.S. (Obtainable from St. Augustine's Nursing Home, 25, Upper Maze Hill, St. Leonardson-Sea, Is. 6(1.).
THIS valuable pamphlet, with the Westminster Imprimatur, is "a reply to Dom Gregory Dix's chapter • The Roman Rejection of Anglican Ordinations in the Reign of Queen Mary from the work entitled " The Question of Anglican Orders: Letters to a Layman," by Dom Gregory Dix, Monk of Nashdom Abbey, D.D.Oxon " Dom " Gregory Dix is a high Anglican; and " in view of the great authority of Gregory Dix," writes Fr. Hoare, " . . and because of the widespread use of his book amongst high Anglicans, it may be as well to put the uninitiated readers on their guard." Fr. Hoare examines the four papal pronouncements on Anglican Orders, respectively of Pope Julius (1553), of the same Pope in 1554, and of Pope Paul IV's two pronouncements in 1555; answering Gregory Dix's statements concerning them.
Fr. Hoare in his preface brings out an important point not generally recognised; namely that the decree ,4postolicoe Curae of Pope Leo XIIi was not the first and only decision against Anglican Orders conferred under the Edwardine Ordinal, but was a confirmation of the four previous papal decrees above mentioned. ..Pope Leo XIII declares he adheres ' entirely to the decrees of the Pontiffs Our Predecessors on this subject, fully ratifying and renewing them '." This pamphlet should be studied by all Catholic students.