direct appeal to the supposed Partitionists with due respect for their opinions and a frank effort to conciliate them.
The very worst way to attract them, he said, was to flout their ideals, and that was what had been persistently done. The Government had done nothing either to attract or conciliate them. No doubt, there was a big proportion of die-hard Unionists who would refuse to be attracted or conciliated in any way, but there was a big section of thoughtful independent Protestant opinion that could be attracted if it were pointed out to them that the best service that they could render to the Empire was to join in the creation of a united Ireland.
The debate was adjourned for a fortnight in order to hear a categorical reply from Mr de Valera—whose speech on Unity may be of critical importance.
The utterances by the Archbishop of Tuam and the Bishop of Galway, on the change of mind in the countryside which has brought about a disastrous exodus, have been made the text for a bold journalistie inquiry into Ireland's vital problem.
The Sunday Independent of Dublin has circulated the two episcopal dicta to eminent folk, clerical and lay, inviting contributions to a searching discussion.
A Corporative System?
The Government has appointed a Commission, with the Bishop of Galway as chairman, and the Rev. E. J. Coyne, Sas Professor Alfred O'Rahilly. of Cork, and the Rev. J. M. Hayes among its strong membership, to Inquire into " the practicability of developing functional or vocational organisation in the circumstances of this country." I have puzzled for a long time over the Civil Service terms of reference; and, as far as I can make out, they mean that the Commission is to place a corporate system that can be grafted on to our existing parliamentary order.
Belgian Lbbess's Jubilee in Connemara
Holidaymakers in Connemara know well a wildly splendid scene, where an abbey of many turrets stands between stark mountain and lough—Kylemore Abbey.
Here Dame Ostyn, Lady Abbess of the Royal Irish Benedictines, kept her golden jubilee last week, and the vast abbey was hung with Papal, Irish and Belgian banners. Pontifical High Mass was celebrated by Father Gaspard Pypaert, nephew of the Lady Abbess, who travelled from Belgium.
M. Maurice Goor, Belgian Minister to Ireland, addressed the guests at luncheon, recalling Ireland's ties with Belgium, saying:
Founded in 1665
"The Abbey of Kylemore, which has been, since 1921, the seat of the Community founded in Ypres in 1665 and
canonically recognised as Irish in 1682, the Benedictine Priory of Glenstal with its college and flourishing school of arts and crafts established a little over ten years ago by the well-known Belgian Abbey of Maredsous, the Norbertine Priory of Kilnaerott, also of recent date. opened by the Belgian Abbey of Tongerloo and composed of Irish religious exclusively; last. but not least, the fa1110111-1 Irish Franciscan College of Louvain, in Belgium, founded in 1626 by the Archbishopric of Tuain—all these and others, on either side, are obvious links between your country and mine in the spiritual realm.
" The first and last-mentioned, further," he said, " are living witnesses to the historical bonds.
" We take pride in Belgium in these associations of old and new, originating from our common religious aspirations and Catholic life."
Statistics for 1938 show that our adverse trade balance was reduced from twenty-one to seventeen million pounds —virtually a reduction of a quarter. This is the first fruit of the trade and finance agreements of April last, and shows the country to be materially prosperous.
In live years the annual external trade of the Twenty-six Counties has improved by ten millions.