Movement Will Spread Throughout Britain
Mgr. Downey Plans To Organise All Classes Of Society
THE INTERNATIONALLY FAMOUS JOCISTES WORKERS' ORGANISATION IS TO BE PITTED AGAINST THE INSIDIOUS FORCES OF PAGAN LABOUR REVOLUTION IN GREAT BRITAIN.
An example which it is hoped •will be speedily followed by the whole country has been set by the Archdiocese of Liverpool where Mgr. Downey, the Archbishop, has approved the inclusion of the J.O.C. (The Young Christian Workers' Movement) in his gigantic. organised drive for Catholic Action by every class of society.
Fifty priests who dis,:ussed the application of J.O.C. methods to England at last month's C.S.G. summer school were optimistic that given a sufficient lead the movement would spread rapidly.
The J.O.C. movement originated in Belgium about ten years ago. In that country and in Franceits membership leaped to astounding heights, and at the international Congress held in Paris during July the attendance ef 6o,000 delegates from many parts of the world was strong evidence of the power of the movement in other countries.
Mgr. Adamson, secretary to the Archbishop of Liverpool, was present at the Congress, anti it is understood that his report of the realistic work of the movement it.fluenced the Archbishop to take a step which he had been considering for some time.
WORKERS' CAMPAIGN FOR CATHOLI C ACT ION
From Our Own Correspondent The outstanding point about the J.O.C., and one which makes a tremendous appeal to the masses. is realism, I was told by an official of the Liverpool Catholic Action Board.
He stressed the point that they were only concerned With the Liverpool Archdiocese, and the fotendetion of the J.O.C. in any other diocese depended entirely upon the permission of its Bishop.
The first effort of the Board would be to piece information about this new movement in the hands of the priest.' and the laity, and with this object in view they intended to publish a pamphlet as soon as possible setting forth the aims of the movement and its position in connection with Catholic Action.
In connection with the latter the official pcsinted out that it was important to keep in mind that the Holy Father on two occasions has referred to the movement as an " Authentic form of Catholic Action."
The pamphlet would explain the movement in brief. The chief eliaracteristic of the J.O.C. was its realism. It studied facts and then set out to remedy evils. The important point cf its rneetines was the conducting of systematic inquiries, in which respect it could be compared to a school of Young Christian Workers. The movement must be engaged in social service, learning every detail of their lives in the light of Christian ideals and observing the enormous distance which separates their actual situation from the ideal
to which they were called. Further, it must act as a representative body for Young Christi-an Workers gaining admittance to esiblic and private bodies and speaking in their name.
For this purpose they possess many powerful means of action such as the Press, congresses, etc.
The movement by its very existence, I was told, is a witness and through its aegis workmen have obtained increased wages, better conditions of employment, etc., particularly for railway employees and Government subsidies for their camps.
The aims of the Young Christian Workers, he continued, came under four heads: (a) to redeem the life of the worker; (b) to give to the family its proper place and meaning in Society. The family must exist to give to the Church and nation the priests, missionaries and apostles which they require; (c) to Christianise the environment of the workers, to abolish the injustice and ugliness that deface the environment of work, which, corrupted by the doctrines and practices of the present regime has in its turn become corrupting for all those who work and live in it. What is above all necessary. is to save the workers in and with their daily habitual environment, there where they live and work. This transformation can only be effected from within by those who live and work there.
(d) the conquest of the whole mass of workers to he achieved by workers keeping alive in their minds the innumerable multitude upon whom Christ had cornpassion and for whom He died.
The pamphlet will further set forth the methods to be employed by the Young Christian Workers. The main undertaking will be the formation of militant young Christian workers, this being the key to the whole movement. .
These militants would form the local nucleus in each industrial parish, and in turn the nucleus in this factory. this street, and this city. An important item is the indispensable role of the priests. each of whom through his sacerdotul character communicates doctrines, grace and the Sacraments.
The Present Record
The amazing growth of the movement since its official formation as an integral part of Catholic Action with the authority of the Belgian Episcopate. can be gathered from the fact that in Belgium, of the 700,000 working men and girls between fourteen and twenty-five years of age, 85,000. or ten per cent. are already Jocisles, that is one worker out of every hundred is an apostolic soul.
All Over the World
From Belgium the movement spread to France, and after ten years there are now 100,000 Jocistes in that country. It is also solidly established in Holland, Portugal, Luxemburg, Switzerland, and there are several groups in Spain and French-Canada.
The movement is strong and gradually gaining ground in the U.S.A., whilst in Columbia and Brazil the Bishops have given it their approbation. flourishing sections exist in Africa, Algeria, Tunis, Morocco, and recently widespread developments have been undertaken succesefully in Austria and Yugo-Slavia.
The rise of this moveme.nt gives grounds for hope that perhaps a solution has been found to the situation, which the Holy Father described in one of his Encyclicals as the greatest scandal of the nineteenth century—the fact that the Church has lost the working classes.
Through the Young Christian Workers it may be leivently hoped that workers generally may be assisted to act in the transforming of their own daily, habitual environment; to alter and to render it comfortable to the plan of God.
The Lancashire Temperament Already in the Liverpool Archdiocese One branch exists in Wigan, and shortly individual priests will be approached to make experiments in order that any modifications necessary can be undertaken in order that the movement might blend harmoniously with the Lancashire temperament.
The Archbishop of Liverpool is confident that the movement will do great good, particularly as its basis is formed on sound Catholic Action.
The Catholic Action Board, while prepared to give this new tnovement every incentive, is conscious that there are other movements which are all true forms of Catholic Action. and wish it to be understood that their object is to encourage any Society which is engaged in real Catholic Action. They visualise in time everyone, including the children, engaged in Catholic Action in some form or another.