Page 1, 4th January 1946

4th January 1946
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Page 1, 4th January 1946 — Poland's New Cardinal
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Poland's New Cardinal

r'rom a Special Correspondent "he Archbishop of Cracow, 0. Adam Sapieha, has been rninated Cardinal. Before the

Poland had two Cardinals: gust Illond. Primate of Poland, 1 Mgr. A. Kakowski, Archbishop of v-saw, who died in January, 1939, which date this Sec has been .nt.

hereas Cardinal Hlond is a son of 'or Silesian railway worker, Archop Sapieha was born of an ancient .ocratic family. Ile was, however. eys interested in social problems and ,ported the Catholic workers' anisations, when in 1911 he became hop of Cracow. During the first vrld War he organised a welfare cornttee, which did magnificent work in Ming many mfugees and orphans. T this activity the Bishop received highest decorations of the Polish ite. In 1925 Mgr. Septette became

• elabishop of Cracow.

.{is Cathedral is closely connected .h the ancient Royal Castle in acow, the most honoured monument old Poland's history. Thus when in tober, 1939. Herr Hans Frank, the zi Governor of Poland, occupied the stle, he forbade the Archbishop to :er the Cathedral. The whole hi/l, which both the Cathedral and stle stand, were closely guarded by ink's bodyguard.

Archbishop Sapieha spent many ious months, fearing lest the grave Saint Stanislas, Patron of Poland, the ashes of Polish kings resting Ile Cathedral, be harmed by the

German invaders. Fut tunately, the Cathedral escaped, and in general Cracow suffered less than other Polish town. No church there suffered destruction.

More than once the Archbishop was molested by the German Governor. seeking the collaboration of the Polish clergy against Bolshevism.

Since Cardinal Illond was in exile, the Archbishop of Warsaw dead, quite naturally the aged Archbishop of Cracow was regarded as head of the Polish hierarchy, hence on him the Germans concentrated their efforts, but in vain. As Cardinal Mercies in Belgium in 1914, so Archbishop Sapieha with dignity and calm defended the independence of the Church.

His popularity increased greatly among the Polish population.

Thus when in the House of Commons last June Mr. Churchill spoke of Polish leaders proposed for the Moscow talks, he named in the first line the Archbishop and the peasant leader, W.

Witos. But neither Mr. Witos. now dead, not the Archbishop, who declined to mix in politics, would go to Moscow to accept the partition of Poland and the Communist Government.

The Archbishop is now 78. Being in good health be should travel to Rome to accept the Cardinal's hat, but it remains to be seen whether he will be allowed to go.

Baptism, Confirmation and First Communion were given by Bishop Ersffio Menzeni of Piacenza in a hotel at Salsomaggiore, Italy, to three Japanese former dipiomnts




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