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VATICAN REMAINS FIRM Young Catholics To Rally On Sunday
Bitter feelings between Germany and the Vatican have taken a grave turn during the week.
Germany stated officially on Tuesday that the " normal cultivation of relations between the German Government and the Vatican is checked." Since then matters have tended to become worse and a complete break is expected.
The crisis, which has been threatening ever since the successful smuggling and publication (March i9) of the Papal Encyclical denouncing the Nazi Government's attitude to the Church, was brought to a head through the American Cardinal Mundelein's now famous speech in which he described Herr Hitler as an "Austrian paper-hanger " and charged the Government with attempting to raise a pagan race.
German action followed in which the Minister of Propaganda (Dr. Goebbels) made a jingoistic and insolent reply to the Cardinal, and two Notes were despatched to the Vatican demanding satisfaction.
The German Ambassador to the Vatican has returned to Berlin and the Papal nuncio to Germany has returned to the Vatican.
Neither have been officially withdrawn.
It is feared that Germany may make reprisals which can only mean the conversion of her present hidden persecution of Catholics into violent action.
For the second time in two years the German Hierarchy has called for Catholic Youth to gather round their leaders. A great rally has been planned for Sunday.
Nazis turn against Protestants—page 9.
" DISHONEST MINISTER OF PROPAGANDA"
From Our German Correspondent
On May 24 the German Government drew the attention of the Vatican to the speech delivered live days earlier by Cardinal Mundelein before a large ecclesiastieal audience inChicago. • • ee
The Cardinal's words were described as being " unprecedenteclly insulting " and astonishment was expressed that a Prince of the Church should have allowed himself to give utterance to such disparaging remarks about the head of the German State. A public disassociation on the Vatica.n's part with the views of the American Prince of the Church was asked for.
Hang Them Cries the Crowd
Meanwhile at a meeting of 25,000 Brown Shirts in Berlin, Dr. Goebbels undertook to reply to the Cardinal, his speech being broadcast by all German stations.
" The Cardinal has attacked me personally. Well, my comrades, you know me enough to he aware that I am not likely to remain silent before such a challenge," said the Minister for Propaganda.
He talked for nearly two hours.
When he referred to the Bishops and priests who, by their pastoral letters and sermons, disturb the Nazi policy, the cries came again and again: "Hang them!" and " To the gallows!" When Dr. Goebbels referred to monasteries and religious, the " interrupt ions were : "Dissolve them! Expel them!"
Dr. Goebbels quoted a letter of Bonaparte which ran: " I learn, Gentlemen, that the ex-Jesuits, the monks and the priests trouble public order. Let them know that, while the French Republic protects religion and its ministers, it is inexorable against those who interfere
with public or civil affairs. Tell the heads of the different religious congregations that the next complaint about the monks will be answered by the following measures: I shall make the whole monastery responsible. I shall expel them front the city and confiscate all their goods for the benefit of the poor." These last wards were received with a terrible applause and with repeated cries: "That's the way to do it!"
He then explained that the Thirty Years' War was caused by the religious division of the German nation. It was a religious war which almost annihilated the Reich
and weakened the German race in a moment which was decisive for the European history.
Had those religious conflicts not existed, he said, Germany -would have succeeded more than England in building a gigantic world empire.
"National-Socialism will not tolerate," affirmed the Minister of Propaganda, " that once again religious divisions and denominational machinations should weaken the strength of the nation and prevent Germany from fulfilling her mission in the world."
Cioebbels accused German Catholics and their hierarchy of supplying the enemies of Germany with material for their anti-German campaigns.
The Most Terrible Accusation He then referred to the speech of Cardinal Mundelein who had called him "the dishonest Minister of Propaganda" am/ who, by " defaming " German " justice," had " made against the German regime the most terrible accusation which can be made against a government—that of violating justice and law for egoistic reasons."
Dr. Goebbels went then into details about the immorality trials of priests and religious. He talked of " thousands of priests" accused of immorality crimes, and said:
"The ecclesiastical circles who try to make believe that it is only a number of deplorable individual cases are wrong. It is a general decay of morality which in such a terrible and scandalous extension can hardly be found in the whole history of mankind."
He went on to describe the clergy and the monasteries as centres of immorality and perversion and to describe some cases in detail.
He did not forget to announce that priests and religious are unworthy of educating German youth and to affirm once again that denominational schools will not be allowed to live much longer in the. Third Reich. He threatened to compel " some very high dignitaries of the Catholic Church in Germany" to answer under oath " certain very delicate questions," and used the opportunity for alleging that the Bishop of Treves had sworn in one of the last trials a false oath.