Page 7, 4th June 1937

4th June 1937
Page 7
Page 7, 4th June 1937 — ABROAD

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Balkan Unity Underlined

A striking demonstration of Balkan unity and peaceful relations was provided when the Turkish Premier, Ismet Inonu, visited Athens and a telephonic message came during a banquet in his honour from Kemal Ataturk, the Turkish President, stating that today the Balkan States constituted a single frontier and woe betide those who attacked that frontier, for they would meet with united Balkan resistance. General Metaxas„ the Greek Premier, at once telephoned a message of complete agreement, and the whole proceedings made a great impression both in Greece and Turkey.

German Ministers Attack Church

Particularly venomous attacks against the Church have been uttered recently by Dr. Goebbels, the German Minister of Propaganda, Dr. Rust, the Minister of Education, and Dr. Frick, Minister of the Interior. As usual, these attacks are based upon the slanders on the morality of the clergy and a further declaration that it was intended to liquidate Confessional schools as soon as possible was made. The press campaign against the Church continues unabated, and there is even talk in some quarters of a dissolution of the monasteries. Tension among German Catholics is running very high.

Dr. Schacht in Path

Dr. Schacht, President of the Reichsbank, has paid a short visit to Paris in order officially to open the German Pavilion at the Exhibition. During his visit he laid great emphasis on Germany's desire for freer international trade. He gave a dinner at the Germany Embassy, which was attended by M. and Mme. Blum, who also gave a reception in his honour, and had a series of conversations with M. Bastid, Minister of Commerce, with regard to the Franco-German Commercial Agreement, shortly due to expire. It is understood that as a result of these conversations the foundations have been laid for a new agreement.

League and Sanjak Dispute

The Sanjak dispute has now been finally settled by the League Committee of Experts. The boundaries have been accepted and on the termination of the French mandate over Syria, the Syrian Government is to give certain guarantees to the Turkish population within the Sanjak boundaries. Both Turkish and Arabic will be official languages in the Sanjak. This result is a triumph for the League and has been warmly welcomed by the French and Turkish governments.

First Czech Premier Dead

Dr. Karel Kramer, the first Czech Premier, has died at Prague at the age of 76. A leader of the Czech autonomist movement for many years, he was sentenced to death for high treason during the Great War by Austria, but afterwards reprieved. As an old Russophile, he was very anti-Soviet and opposed the alliance with Russia. He represented Czechoslovakia at the Versailles Conference as Premier, but his Government was shortly afterwards defeated and in later years he played a very inconspicuous part in Czech national life.

The Pope's Health

On the morning of his eightieth birthday the Pope's health took a sudden turn for the worse and, acting on the suggestion of his doctor, he cancelled his engagement to open the Pontifical Academy of Science, which would have entailed a lengthy speech. The Academy was opened by Cardinal Pacelli, Cardinal Secretary of State, instead. It was emphasised that at the time no anxiety was felt, although the possibility of complications and sudden further relapses could not be excluded.

Dutch Elections

The chief features of the Dutch elections were the strengthening of the parties supporting Dr. Colijn, the " strong man" Premier, and the collapse of the Dutch Nazis, who polled slightly more than half their poll at the last provincial elections. The Socialists held their ground, the Communists lost slightly on balance, while the Radicals and Antirevolutionaries, as well as the Catholic Party, all showed slight

gains. Owing to the new electoral law only twenty parties went to the polls as opposed to fifty-four at the last General Election.

Trouble in India

Serious rioting has broken out in the Kanaatipura district of Bombay. At least three dead and over a hundred wounded are reported. The trouble is said to be due to altercations between Moslems and Hindus over a wedding, and the situation remains grave.

Meanwhile six British soldiers were killed, and many wounded, in further fighting in the N.W. Frontier province. There are now some 35,000 troops in the area. A raid was made on the Fakir of Ipi's hiding-hole, but he was not there. One important tribe is stated to have sued for peace, but there may be more trouble to come still.

The Spanish War

With the exception of fighting near Bilbao, where the Nationalists have again recorded slight gains, tension has been transferred to the sharp conflict between Germany and Valencia. Germany claims that the Deutschland, her pocket-cruiser, was fired on by Government aeroplanes, while Valencia states that the Deutschland started the firing. Many German sailors were killed, and by way of reprisals German destroyers shelled Almeria heavily. Terrible damage was caused. European tension runs high, but the incident is now thought to be closed, except that Germany and Italy have withdrawn from the NonIntervention Committee and control, until guarantees are given that such incidents will be avoided. A Spanish ship has been torpedoed, it is alleged, by an Italian submarine, and both Barcelona and Valencia have been heavily bombarded. the death roll alone in the former exceeding a hundred.

Japanege Cabinet Resigns

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