New Government Formed
As a result of Mr. Baldwin's resignation Mr. Neville Chamberlain has taken over the Premiership and remodelled the Cabinet. The new appointments include Sir John Simon as Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord Halifax as Lord President of the Council, Sir Samuel Hoare as Home Secretary and Earl de la Warr as Lord Privy Seal. Mr. Hore-Belisha becomes Minister of War and Mr. Oliver Stanley President of the Board of Trade in place of Mr. Runciman, while Mr. Duff-Cooper goes to the Admiralty. Dr. Leslie Burgin becomes Minister of Transport.
Among the lesser Ministerial appointments are those of Sir Philip Saesoon as First Commissioner of Works and Earl Winterton as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. New Under-Secretaries are Lord Dufferin (Colonies), Lord Stanley (India), Colonel Muirhead (Air), Mr. Shakespeare (Admiralty, Parliamentary and Financial), and Colonel Llewellin (Admiralty, Civil Lord).
Immediately subsequent to his resignation as Premier Mr. Baldwin was created Earl Baldwin. Other members of the Cabinet also honoured on retirement were Mr. Walter Runciman, President of the Board of Trade, and Mr. J. C. C. Davidson, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, both of whom became Viscounts. Mrs. Baldwin, Sir Geoffrey Fry (Mr. Baldwin's private secretary) and Miss Vines (Mrs. Baldwin's private secretary) also received honours. In addition Mr. Baldwin has also been appointed a Knight of the Garter.
Marriage Bill Passes Commons
Mr. A. P. Herbert's Marriage Bill has now passed its third reading in the House of Commons by 190 to 37 and goes to the House of Lords, The Bill provides that no petition for divorce shall be presented within five years of marriage and extends the grounds for divorce considerably. If the Bill passes the House of Lords such grounds will be adultery, desertion for at least three years, cruelty and incurable insanity. Provision is also made for decrees of presumption of death.
British Air Disasters
Seventeen people were killed in nine air disasters in various parts of the country last week-end. Saturday was Empire Air Day. Four of the accidents involved five R.A.F. men and were witnessed • by large crowds at Empire Air Day displays. Other crashes included an air liner at Doncaster taking pasengers for a joy ride and a 'plane competing in the Isle of Man air race, which crashed into a house at Ilanworth, killing the pilot, the passenger and a woman in the house.
Miniature General Election
There is now a long list of by-elections pending, constituting a miniature General Election. The situation at Plymouth (Drake) and Hillhead has not changed, except that no Liberal will intervene at the former and that Mr. MacCoemick (Scotch Nat.) will definitely fight the latter. The National Liberal candidate has now been chosen at Holland-with-Boston and he will he Mr. Butcher, who will have full Conservative support.
At Buckingham a Liberal champion, in addition to the Labour and Conservative candidates, has now come forward. Mrs. Corbett-Ashby, the well-known feminist and former British delegate to Geneva, is to fight Hemel Hempstead as a Liberal, and Mr. Isaac Foot, former Minister of Mines, will tight St. Ives, also as a Liberal. At Kingston Mr. Loman has been selected by Labour to fight Admiral Royds, while the Liberal champion, Mr. Banting, has decided not to fight this time. Mr. Conant, former M.P. for Chesterfield, is to be the Conservative candidate for Bewdley, and Dr. Johnson will oppose him as a Liberal.
In addition, Sir Walter Preston and Sir George Hamilton, both Conservative members, have resigned their respective Cheltenham and Ilford scats. At Cheltenham Colonel Tristra.m Carper will be the official Conservative candidate, but the Mayor, Mr. Lipson, will oppose him as an Independent Conservative and is likely to receive a number of Liberal votes. A Labour candidate is also likely. Councillor Astins will again fight Ilford for Labour. Owing to the death of Sir A. BoydCarpenter there is also a vacancy at Chertsey. The respective National majorities are: Kingston-on-Thames 22,939 Chertsey 18,777 Ilford .. 17,000 Hemel Hempstead .. 12,996 Holland with Boston 11,998 Cheltenham 10,790 Glasgow ( H ill head ) 9,801 Plymouth (Drake) .. 6,078 Buckingham .. 5,688 There was no contest either at St. Ives or Bewdley at the last General Election. All these seats are safely National, with the possible exception of Plymouth (Drake) and Buckingham, where Labour has a slight chance, and St. Wee, where Mr. Foot might defeat the National candidate.
Dr. Alfred Adler, the famous Viennese psychologist, died suddenly in Aberdeen
last week at the age of 67. After a distinguished medical career in Vienna, he became Lecturer in Psychology at Colum bia University. He wrote and lectured extensively and was without doubt one of the most famous psychologists of the day (see also page 8).
The late Sir Archibald Boyd-Carpenter, M.P., who died suddenly at the age of 64, had a distinguished military and Parliamentary career. Formerly Mayor of Harrogate, he took part in many Parliamentary contests and represented in turn North Bradford, Coventry and Chertsey as a Conservative. In 1923 he was PaymasterGeneral.
Strikes: Great Improvement
The London 'bus strike came to a sudden and unexpected end last Friday when the Executive ordered the men back to work on the old terms pending a new retroactive agreement. The Busmen's Committee followed suit and it is thought that the 'busmen will have gained considerably.
The coal strike danger is also over for the present, amalgamation between the Industrial (Spencer) Union and Notts Association being the basis, and strike notices were withdrawn. The agreement is subject to ratification.
More Pay for M.P.s
Almost Mr. Baldwin's last act before leaving Parliament was to announce a large increase in salary for M.P.s, who will in future receive £600 instead of £400 as hitherto. Although any salary increase was vetoed in principle by the 1922 Conservative Committee, the grant will be very welcome and a reed blessing to certain of the less prosperous Labour members.