BY CRISTINA °DONE
ARCHBISHOP THOMAS Winning of Glasgow was
named cardinal this week by the Holy Father, becoming only the third Scottish cardinal since the Reformation.
Cardinal-elect Winning was among 30 new cardinals
announced by the Pope on Sunday at his weekly addressed to the faithful in Si Peter's Square. The nev Cardinals come from 24 coun • tries, inorder, Pope John Pat II said, to "reflect the univet sality of the Church".
Archbishop Winning will b made Cardinal at St Peter': in Rome on 26 November.
Cardinal Basil Hume said this week that he was "very pleased that the Holy Father is to appoint Archbishop Winning a cardinal. I am delighted that Scotland once again is to have its own Cardinal."
Archbishop Luigi Barbarito, Papal Nuncio to Britain, said of Archbishop Winning: "He has been a friend of the poorest in society and I am sure that all Catholics in Scotland will use this occasion to strengthen their loyalty."
In Ireland, Cardinal Cahal Daly said: "Archbishop Winning is deeply commited to the process of reconciliation between the two great religious traditions once so deeply divided in his country."
Vatican watchers say that the30 new cardinals, who will be part of the conclave that will select John Paul II's successor at his death, are mainly conservatives who would continue to pursue the theologically conservative line pursued by the Pope.
During his 16 year papacy the Polish Pope has appointed 103 members of the 120
strong College of Cardinals eligible to vote for his successor. Only cardinals under 80 years of age are allowed to vote. Two of John Paul II's new appointees arc already over 80.
John Paul II addressed the faithful gathered in St Peter's Square from a window of his private flat overlooking the square.
Among the new cardinals named is Archbishop Vinko Puljic, of Sarajevo the first ever cardinal in Bosnia. Firstever cardinals were also named for Cuba, Albania and Belorussia.
Scotland's cardinal-elect, who will assume the leadership of his country's 800,000 Catholics at a time when problems of sectarianism are growing, has been renowned for his radical politics as well as for his traditionalist Catholicism.
The Archbishop of Glasgow has gone on the record criticising Britain's intervention in the Gulf War, Prince Charles's "woolly Christian thinking", and Argentina's human rights record. In 1980 the then Archbishop challenged the law of succession which bars Catholics from taking the throne.