Liverpool where a crowd of 2,000 had gathered to sec them.
The lord mayor of Liverpool, Alderman Louis Caplan welcomed Cardinal Confalonieri to the city, and the Cardinal expressed pleasure at making his first visit to England. At the congress, Cardinal Confalonieri told the 300 delegates that the apostleship's objective is to attend to the needs of an "important but too often underestimated sector of society".
He noted that thereare 497 chaplains in the apostleship and 72 clubs throughout North, Central and South America, the Pacific Islands, Australia, Asia, Africa and Europe.
Then he laid down four principles for pastoral action among seafarers: 1. The more a person lacks roots and stability, the more help he needs to forge lasting human contacts.
2. The more a community, like that of seamen, live in remoteness, the more it must be cordially met and welcomed.
3. The more a community remains separated from the normal' sources of Christian life. the more apostolic education each member needs.
4. The more a community is on the move. the more need there is for pastoral co-ordination.
Archbishop Camino told the congress that the Apostleship of the Sea should train groups of Catholic seamen to work as "apostles among their own kind".
He called seamen "distant cousins of the apostles" because they earn their living from the sea, but he said it is more difficult for them than for most people to lead Christian lives, since they are so often away from their families and parishes and usually live in an "atmosphere of materialism" with men who do not share their moral ideals.
Each seaman needs a sound Christian formation, Archbishop Carpino explained, "that will render him enthusiastic to restore all things in Christ".
This formation could be given in clubs, schools, during training for ship work and by visiting the men both on board and in hostels.
The Archbishop recalled that the Apostleship of the Sea was founded in Glasgow in 1920 and was soon recognised by Pope Pius XI who made the Archbishop of Glasgow its president and in 1922 urged the apostleship to be spread throughout the world.
Archbishop Carpino said he hoped the congress would find new ways to bring the "treasures of life" that Christ gave the Church to "an ever greater number of seafarers".
AUTOMATION At the opening of the congress on Tuesday, Archbishop Beck of Liverpool preached at a dialogue Mass for the delegates in the cathedral crypt.
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He warned them not to allow the massive automation of the welfare age to restrict their attention to "statistics, classifications and categories.
"Our business is concerned with human persons, men with immortal souls and a marvellous destiny." Cardinal Confalonieri said Mass in the presence of Archbishops Beck and Carpino and Bishop Rudderham of Clifton, Bishop de Roo of Victoria (Canada), Bishop Holland, coadjutor of Portsmouth, and Bishop Boisguerin, of Sui-Fu (Ch in a).
After the Mass he led the bishops to a recently erected observation platform and information room adjoining the cathedral. He viewed the construction under way on the cathedral and later talked to the workmen on the site with the help of an interpreter.