Polish Litany LLIKE some grim litany we's the list of martyred Polish professors read out by Professor Antoni Jurasz, Dean of the Polish Medical School in Edinburgh. when the Association of Polish University Professors and Lecturers in Great Britain met at the Royal Institution to pay tribute to their dead colleagues. Professor lurasz, a tall, prematurely white-haired man, in his officer's uniform. proved himself an orator whose restraint only emphasised the tragic content of his address. At the close of his tribute to the scholarship of his former comrades and their individual contribution to science came the litany—" Tadeusz Garbowski—Professor of Philosophy—he met his martyr's death in the concentration camp at Oranienburg; Ignacy Chrzanowski—Professor of History of Polish Literature—he met his martyr's death in the concentration camp at Oranienburg." It was a long litany and made grim hearing Sir David Ross, Dr. Gilbert Murray, Professor Rene Cassin. M. Jursj Slavik (representing Czechoslovakia) were there to add their tributes Fool's Trust A CORRESPONDENT points out that the
Brains Trust is very inaptly named. A better name could be culled from the verse of Scripture: The Fool has said in his heart that there is no God." Actually I listenea for a bit last Sunday, and thought that Professor Joad was rather sound on the subject of " absolute values.' And in the discussion on Black Magic he came very near admitting that there must be a Devil. Some gentleman whose name I did not catch made a very poor showing for mate'rialism
An Earlier Pere Thierry
TN Aldous Hxl
uey's study of Pere Joseph, I Grey Eminence, which will be reviewed by an abler pen than that of is mere jotter, there is a vivid description of the career of Ange de Joyeuse who seems to have anticipated the metamorphoses of Pere Thierry d'Argenlieu to-day. Ange de Joyeuse. a member of one of the greatest families of France, became a Capuchin in 1587 Five years later political pressure dragged him from his friary to become Duc de Joyeuse and Governor of Languedoc As Huxley writes: " Rome was consulted; dispensations procured; and at the last day came when, in solemn ceremony, Cardinal de Joyeuse received his brother. dressed all in black in sign of inward mourning for his change of condition, and, in the presence of a great congregation. buckled to his side the sword he had abandoned five years before " Seven years later he returned to religion. And the interesting part is that throughout he enjoyed the gift of higher prayer. being one of the leading mystics of his time The Carmelite Pere Thicrry, who is now High Commissioner of the Pacific for de Gaulle, was an authority on mysticism as a Carmelite provincial before the war.
Writing for Money IN an appendix on the authorities for the life of Pere Joseph. Aldous Huxley tells what must be one of the most amusing stories in the history of biography An Abbe Richard who was hard up decided to write an eulogistic life of the famous Capuchin in the hope of getting a rich Canonry in the gift of one of the friar's collateral descendants. But the work having been done he received no reward,. I go on in the words of Huxley: " Furious, Richard decided to take his revenge. In the text of his first eulogistic biography he interpolated a number of new paragraphs, in which Fr. Joseph was accused of every crime from murder to simony. The new version was published anonymously under the alluring title of Le Veritable Pere Joseph. Needless to say, the ' true ' Father Joseph sold a great deal better than Father Joseph tour coup. But the sums which could be picked up from the booksellers were paltry in cornparison with the income from that delicious canonry The Abbe had an idea of genius Rushing to his desk he penned an impassioned refutation of his own calumnies. This refutation was duly printed, and excited a certain interest in the public. hut left the Do Trembley family unmoved The Rev. Richard died in penury."
The Holy War READING a review* of Grey Eminence in the New York Herald Tribune by Professor Schuster, 1 came across the following passage which is so timely and true that reproduce it here: " Mr. Huxley has a brief passage on Friar Joseph's meeting with Count Tilly. It is too bad he could not have written a chapter around that episode For here attitudes and convictions of the utmost human importance were arrayed against each other. Tilly. soldier and statesman. understood clearly that armed conflict is justifiable only when it is a necessary recourse to police power for the sake of that order and law which must reign in worldly affairs if human beings as Physical and social entities are to survive. Then armed conflict is not only justified but inexorably demanded. But for Friar Joseph concerned with a realm of other values. the blunder that was worse than a crime happened to be the idea that war can be something else too—can he a crusade for God or religion or even civilization. The police power suppressine the alley bandit or the international raider is not horrible. It becomes horrible only when it professes to be holy. That vital distinction must be made by modern man if he is to survive."
Pc:per Cribs CATHOLIC firms have some very cheap
paper cri'oi in the market which should afford interest and edification for young children, The cheapest is marketed by Burns & Oates, and it demands the operation of cutting-out. Children will be kept busy for a couple of hours, though the results may not be very stable. Messrs. Tucker have a rather more expensive model called the " Gloria " in which the cutting-out has already been done. It keeps the children occupied for less time, but the bits and pieces will not so easily be scattered about the room. Both should sell welt
Hospitality for Canadians THE Supervisor of the Catholic Soldiers' Club. Knollys Road, Aldershot, writes to say that he is often asked by Canadian Catholic soldiers (officers and men) to give them addresses where leave hospitality is offered. Any of my readers who can help in this way are asked to get into communication with him. Prayer-books for Prisoners
IN answer to a correspondent who corn
' plains that prayer-books cannot be sent out to the prisoners of war, I understand that prayer-books fall under the ban against sending any printed matter out of the country except under licence. Publishers have such a licence, and prayer-books can be sent
to prisoners by publishers. As regards rosaries, they can only be sent by next-ofkin.
Dinner Party IT is rare to get serious and useful discus• Sion at a party But I found myself one
evening recently among an after-dinner group of men and women, who happened to be extremely representative of races and creeds, and the argument went on until the early hours of the morning. It covered many topics, but it circled round and round this question of whether the world's ills can be cured by retribution for the evil-doers or by understanding and love. One foreigner who had had a nearer experience than most of us of the Nazis stood fast to his view of " I hate the Huns." To strengthen his argument he explained that the sight of cruelty was to him not new nor exclusively a German experience, and he told how after the last war he himself saw a Belgian officer crush under his feet loaves of white bread when little German children, underfed on black bread, were crying out for it under his very eyes To my way of thinking he gave away his whole position, for was he not showing that all men can and will be monstrously cruel given sufficient provocation in the shape of national hysteria, some ideology (not excluding reli
gion) or the desire for vengeance? That we should work to remove the cau.ses of cruelty rather than add further hatred and cruelty seemed to me to emerge more clearly than ever from the discussion—and this not merely because of Christianity but because of ordinary psychological commonsense.
Can She Be Honest ?
MISS Dorothy Sayers performed a real
I. service when she addressed the Public Morality Council on the Seven Deadly Sins. I remember attending a lunch given by the Council some years ago. and it struck me as being so absurd that the interests of such a body should be practically confined to one of the deadly sins, the one which the State itself—or rather was—so keen on keeping in check lest national morale and public order be endangered. Miss Sayers related how a young man who had at least been baptised said to her once: " I did not know there were seven deadly sins: please
tell me the names of the others." And though it contains a crack at us. I must quote the following passage:—
" The • Churcn says covetousness is a deadly sin—but does she really think so? Is she ready to found Welfare Societies to deal with financial immorality as she does
with sexual immorality? Do the Vatican officials, stationed at church doors to exclude women with bare arms. turn anybody away on the grounds that they are too well dressed to he honest? Do the vigilance committees who complain of suggestive books and plays make any attempt to suppress the literature which ' suggests ' that getting on in the world is the chief object in life?" But why " Vatican officials "? There is only one church in the Vatican.