"nF its very nature the business of Government is to help the ‘-". individual to help himself. It is not the business of Government to prevent him from being himself," said Fr. Paul Crane, 5.3., at the Catholic Social Guild's summer school in Endsieigh Training College, Hull.
His audience included social action ists from Malta, Malaya, Holland, Belgium and France, and 20 priests, some of them social students from Australi a, the
United States, Mexico and Ceylon.
Discussing human dignity as related to the family and the State, Fr. Crane said "Society exists for the development of personality." To deny the individual opportunity for responsible action so as to block this development is to interfere with God's plan for man,
Fr. Crane called for the maintenance of four important principles:
I. The wider diffusion of property as "freedom's economic safeguard" because of the power of independent action which it gives.
2. The upholding of the Rule of Law because property ceases to be freedom's safeguard if "its use, acquisition and transmission are constantly subjected to the arbitrary caprice of public authority." 3. The upholding of social hierarchy "which must exist if you insist. as you should, on giving individuals opportunity as distinct from equality."
Majority ru!e 4. The restriction of Government activity to its appropriate sphere so that it should cease from its present over-concentration on economic affairs which can be left to the management of the individual.
Fr. Crane remarked : "If democracy means the canonisation of majority rule. then there is nothing more democratic than a lynching. That should dispose of the present inclination to attribute art almost religious significance to secular democracy.
"We need at the moment to put the accent not on democratic government but on Food government. The two are identical only in the minds of those who imagine that the process of sending the adult population to the polls will necessarily enshrine moral values at the heart of a nation's life."
Mr. J. R. Kirwan. Bursar of the Catholic Workers' College, argued on the rights and duties of wageearners. Points from his lecture inelude: It is a matter of social justice to see to it that a man's labour power is worth as much as a living wage.
The right to a family living wage is founded on the fact that most men can live only by hiring out their labour power. Society should be organised so as to make the equivalent of the labour power of a normal man such a wage as would enable him to live in decent comfort.
The wage is due from the employer as a matter of strict justice Services of equal value to him must be recompensed with equal wages The sex and family status of the wage-earner are irrelevant.
Workmen arc as much bound to aid in the reform of society as their employers. They must negotiate toether for this end, and thus there is, m Mr. Kirwan's opinion, a grave moral obligation on workmen to join trade unions.
This obligation is so grave as to justify the policy of a closed shop This has its own dangers and musl be accompanied by a strengthening of the law to protect members against union tyranny.
A corollary of the closed shop must he the open union.
Wage-earners have no right to co
partnership, though employers would be well advised in suitable cases to enable employees to identify themselves more closely with their firms.
Wage-earners have, however, a right to be treated as human beings The job must. always be one which calls for some degree of imagination and responsibility. If jobs were fit for morons, only morons could be fit for the jobs.
Reports submitted to the C.S.G. annual meeting show that there are now over 4.000 members. Enrolments over the past year numbered 795. Literature sales have increased by 40 per cent. in 12 months to the figure of £5,000, and over the past half-year the circulation of the guild's 64 page monthly, Christian Democrat. has increased by 1,000.
The Liverpool branch has been revived with the blessing of Archbishop Godfrey. a new one has opened at Middlesbrough and another will open shortly in NorthWest Durham,
The Tyneside group organised week-end schools at Manchester, Glasgow and Bournemouth, and the discussion group activities show strong signs of revival.
The Study Group and Correspondence Course work flourishes and has proved especially valuable in Ireland. The admission of nonCatholic associates is being considered.
This year's C.S.G. Year Book is to be on Human Relations in Industry, by Prof. Michael Fogarty. of University College, Cardiff.
Winchester winners St. Peter's School, Winchester, obtained three Successes in the MidHants swimming gala held at Winchester last week. The champion shield was won by a junior team with 22 points, while Derek Curtis 114) won the boys' intermediate championship and Anne Baldwin won the free-style championship competition for the fastest swimmer.