SIR,-Two things strike me most vividly in the letters from Mr. Blair and Mr. Lawson in the correspondence initiated by the Southwark C.P.E.A. on the subject of Catholic education. Mr. Blair is. I think. unquestionably right when he points out how little we arc likely to benefit from the 1953 Amending Act and how necessary it is for us to stand together and make our just claims more widely understood. A qualified Scottish System is, surely, The answer to the question he poses regarding our aims. Mr. Lawson puts his finger on the spot in referring to the parochial branch as "the most important section of the movement" and, presumably, the most effective instrument for influencing public opinion.
Modern governments and their administrative departments are more susceptible to the demands of the electorate than to those of the few leaders who can give time to the study of the various aspects of the matter in dispute; and some M.P.s have gone so far as to question the amount of support our Bishops would, in fact, receive from the laity for the views they express on our behalf,
One need, then, would seem to be for a large increase in the number of parish branches throughout the country under the direction of parish priests and, since these latter are already so grossly over-worked, a further need arises for responsible and well-informed lay people to foster this local activity and collaborate with diocesan and, if need be, national committees in support of the Hierarchy's Action Committee.
33 Cintra Park,
Upper Norwood, S.E19.
That P.P.s be the Bishop's representatives and chaplains goe.s without saying, hut the fight for Catholic political rights is surely best carried out by the laity under the leadership of The most vigorous and publicly experienced laymen and women of the parish.-Editor, CATHOLIC HERALD.
St. Bernard's Tatherdom'
Sut.-Clearly, St. Bernard more than fulfils the conditions for membership of "Fatherdom" laid down by Mr. S. A. H. Rees, of Coulsdon. Mr. Rees does not, however, give us his authority for these prerequisites. To describe St. Bernard perfunctorily as merely "the outstanding link with the medieval schoolmen," and his title of "Father" as "a _courteous gesture" is, on Mr. Rees's part, quite unnecessary patronage.
In his lifetime, even, St. Bernard was regarded as more than a "Father"; by Frenchmen, Germans, Italians, Englishmen and others he was considered to be an Apostle. Indeed, Dionysius the Carthusian calls him such: "vere Apostolus fuit temporis sui." Moreover, the learned Dom. J. Mabillon, editor of St. Bernard's Opera, fully supports St. Bernard's claim to be considered a Father of the Church : duos qui Bernardo tribal titulos, nempe quod sit inter doctores melliflints. waste ultinius inter Patres, sed primis certe non impar. (Migne; P.L. 182; Praefatio Generalis; cols. 25-26.)
Mabilion's opinion therefore ranks St. Bernard with St. Augustine, i.e., for the eminence of his writings.
S. St. dale Morrison The Cottage,
Burton Corner, Petworth, Sussex.
SIR,-You may have heard that the Communist rulers of Hungary just liberated two outstanding members of the Socialist party, in prison since a few years. These are M. Arpad Szakasits, former President of the Republic, and Miss Anne Kithly, former M.P., well known also in British Labour circles. Don't you think this would be an excellent opportunity to raise the question : Why not set free also Cardinal Mindszenty?
Prof. A. Ullein-Reviczky, Hungarian National Council The Nook, 2 Sterne Street, W.12,
SIR,-The Sovereign is in communion with the Church of England. She is also in communion with the Presbyterian Established Church of Scotland. I apologise for my error about the legal position of supreme governorship in the Church of Scotland of the Queen. The conclusion remains that it is high time that the official position of the Sovereign ecclesiastically was reexamined; and the ruling over discrimination on the position of the Lord Chancellor abolished.