STR,—With Fr. Flanagan I agree cordially, and I have tried to stress the need for a spiritual background to social and economic reconstruction in both the opening and closing clauses of " Towards. . ."
If Mr. Maxwell will try to envisage the programme as a whole, I submit
that its insistence on the dignity of human personality; on the workers' share in the regulation of industry through Guilds, and on the State's obligation to provide opportunities of ownership, constitute an antidote to proletarianism which even he could not better, founded as it is on the social teaching of the Church.
Miss O'Brien apparently needs reminding that the use of the word " mart " in such a context is generally understood to include women. It does here. The reason for giving industrial employment normally to the man in preference to the woman is amply explained in the social encyclicals, the
antithesis to Hitlerism and Stalinism. I suggest paragraph 71 of Quadragesinto Antic;. Nature hae Sc) obviously vested the man with the greater responsibilities that the preference is not a matter of expediency but of reason and logic. Perhaps Miss O'Brien has overlooked the significance of the word " normally."
Mr. Benvenistas points are mainly to do with matters of policy and application rather than of principle; because certain points have not been explicitly dealt with in a short statement such as " Towards . . " is no reason for supposing they have been overlooked or forgotten. But one thing at a time; let us agree oil our Programme of Principles first and get down to working out the details. And here 1 agree with Mr. Benvenisti as to the need of co-operation by those who have the specialised knowledge. But even the experts must accept the principles underlying the whole programme before they can be entrusted with the details of application. And this raises a point whereon Mr. Benvenisti must think again. I refer to his apparent readiness to surrender the remnants of freedom still enjoyed by the small trader. He refers to the " proper " use of wealth; exactly; but what does he
mean by " proper "? Its still further accumulation in the hands of the few would be the inevitable issue of his betrayal of the small owner ; while its wider distribution would mean more small owners and less of the evil of monopoly? There is no question which is meant in the encyclical's urge to encourage small ownership. Mr. Benvenisti seems ready to destroy the little that is left, " Towards . . . " stands by the encyclicals and the small man. Mr. Benvenisti's knowledge of economics could be valuable; it would be a pity to have it tainted by even a hesitating attitude towards the economics of small ownership, T. W. C, Coen.
Money, a Servant
SIR,—If is to he regretted that. even the Editor's interview does little to remove the vagueness which surrounds Point 10 of the Christian Social Order proposals.
_Money is to be hut a means and not an end, the servant of the community. Hut as means," wouli Captain Curd bring all possible support to the private Motion now tabled before Parliament regarding the revocation of the Bank Charter granted to the Bank of England in the reign of William and Mary:— ,,... so as to take hack fin the benefit of the people the power which rightly belongs to them, whilst still empowering the Bank of England to continue to function in the capacity of a joint stock bank for legitimate banking as different from issue activities "?
T. V. Hotates. " Waitemata," MarIdon Road, Paignton.
Reference to C.S.G.
SIR,—With reference to your invitation to readers to give their reactions, through your correspondence columns, to Captain Curd's programme, " Towards a Social Order," may I suggest and submit, in view of the knowledge required before a considered judgment on such a difficult subject be obtained, that the Social Guild of Oxford who devote their life to this study, be approached and that their views on this Important matter be published by you as of general interest to all.
I heartily endorse J. L. Benvenisti's views, as expressed in his letter to you in Friday's issue of your paper, that a sub-committee of experts be formed to prepare a scheme for ultimate publication. In the meantime, it would seem that only published expressions of opinion combining technical knowledge with a supernatural attitude towards the subject could be of constructive value, and would eliminate a " maddening battle of words " in your columns, so greatly deprecated by the Rev Fr. Flanagan in a letter to you and also dealt with by you in a masterly way in a recent leading article of your paper.
C. M. J. O'SULLIVAN, 61, Birley Road, Whetstone, N.20.