'Apartheid' all over the World
Sir,-As a South African convert to the Faith, I believe that Catholicism has the remedy for most, if not all, of South Africa's political ills and there
fore hold no brief for the Nationalists' colour policy.
Nevertheless, I should like to clear away a major misconception of Renee Haynes' and, for that matter, of a good many Englishmen. A major thesis of hers is that the British in particular, and the .Commonwealth in general, are against racial discrimination, and she writes as though racial discrimination is peculiar, in the whole Commonwealth, to the South African Calvinists, and as though opposition to it comes
" chiefly from the ignorant." Renee Haynes, and the English in general, are under an illusion in this respect.
To take South Africa first. The Calvinists are the most vociferous protagonists of racial discrimination, but the majority of Englishspeaking South Africans arc in agreement, in varying measures, with the government's attitude. It may surprise Renee Haynes to know that in the most English part of South Africa-Natal, where the English-speaking section is wellknown to be " more English than the English "-support of apartheid is as strong as in the strongest Nationalist stronghold. (This is due to antagonism towards the large and increasing Indian population with a low standard of living and especially of cleanliness.) And what about that large area of the Commonwealth called Australia, committed to a " Keep Australia White " policy? Is such a policy not based on racial discrimination. the only difference as compared with South Africa being that the coloured people whom Australia wants to exclude arc outside Australia, whereas apartheid is an attempt to deal with coloured people inside South Africa? From what country did the original settlers of Australia mainly come?
To turn to two other large partners in the Commonwealth, India and Pakistan. In India, one meets with the caste system which oppresses millions of Indians into a condition worse than that of any of the natives or Indians in South Africa. And the racial intolerance and discrimination as between Indian and Pakistani in their respective countries is too well known for one to have to enlarge on it.
What about Canada? Are the Red Indians there not kept in reserves in accordance with stricter apartheid than exists in South Africa?
It would seem that the only truly democratic spirit in the Commonwealth is found in New Zealand.
I have tried to show the racial attitudes of English settlers and their descendants when put to the test outside England. A foretaste of what Englishmen at home would do if they found millions of coloured people in their midst has been amply demonstrated recently by the action of certain West Bromwich bus conductors and another certain Midland innkeeper, the details of which cases are no doubt known to Renee Haynes.
It is only recently that the U.S. government has attempted to end the apartheid strictly enforced in the southern states, with what resistance by the descendants of English settlers is well known. And it would be charitable of Renee Haynes to bear in mind that with all their faults, the South African Calvinists-have no Ku Klux Klan. nor has there been a single instance in South Africa of the lynchings that have taken place in the southern U.S.A. periodically. And what of the American Indians, kept in reserves after having been moved, often by forced marches over long distances, from their fertile settlements to less fertile reserves-again on the order of the descendants of English settlers?
30; Bramshill Gardens, London, N.W.5.