Purpose Of The S.V.P.
Struggle With Powers Of Darkness
Three prelates, Mgr. McDonald, O.S.B. (Archbishop of St. Andrews and :dinburgh), Mgr. A. Moriarty (Bishop of Shrewsbury), and Mgr. T. Wulstan 'earson, O.S.B. (Bishop of Lancaster) were present at the annual general meeting f the presidents and delegates of the St. Vincent de Paul Society, held at .ancaster last week-end under the auspices of the Lancaster Central Council f the society.
S.V.P. CONFERENCE AT LIVERPOOL
The conference sent a telegram to the toly Father asking for his Apostolic,Beneiction, and offering filial devotion.
A very full programme commenced on aturday evening. Pontifical Benediction I Lancaster Cathedral by Mgr. Pearson, I.S.B., was Ifollowed by a civic reception y the Mayor.
The delegates were also received by the tree prelates, and by the new National 'resident of the society, Bro. J. McKnight. Mgr. Pearson, in thanking the Mayor, resented him with a bound book of the fe of Frederick Ozanarn, founder of the aciety. He spoke of the S.V.P. as one of le biggest charitable societies in the 'odd. " Wherever the Catholic Church .—and that is all over the world—you will nd the brotherhood of St. Vincent de Paul oing its wOrk."
After the reception sectional meetings ere held in the Town Hall, and discusons took place on " Secretariat of the oor," " aspirant Conferences," and Work for Seamen."
On Sunday morning the brothers resived Holy Communion at the cathedral, ad later they attended Pontifical High lass. A special sermon was preached by lgr. A. Moriarty. A general meeting 'as held in the Town Hall in the afterDon at which Mgr. G. S. Knuckey, V.G., resided, supported by the Archbishop of t. Andrews and Edinburgh, and the rother President.
Pontifical Benediction was given at the :athedral in the evening, and a special srmon was Preached by the Rt. Rev. Mgr. i. S. Knuckey, Vicar-General of the Lanaster Diocese, after which a social evenig was held at the Cathedral Schools.
The conference concluded on Monday rith a meeting of the presidents and deleates of the councils and conferences at ae Cathedral Schools.
A Mad World
Preaching at the Pontifical High Mass n Sunday Mgr. Moriarty spoke of the 'odd in a state of chaos—" full of war, turder and persecution — repaganising, estroying the notion of God."
" The world is going mad and we see 'hat is wrong with it. The world has got if its bearings. It is a vast machine which as simply broken loose. Those bearings re the knowledge of God.
" There is only one thing to bring back le world to its bearings, and that is to ring back the knowledge of our Lord.
" The S.V,P. was not merely a philantropic orgaoisation," he said, " you by our foundation are meant to be life earers and , grace bringers to the poor. 'ou have to develop it in yourselves first f all by prayer and the sacraments, and len when you visit the poor and the tricken they see it in you. It is your ocation to be life-bearers to the poor.
" It would appear a hopeless task to face le conversion of the world, but it can be one by the grace of God, and each one f you is to be the grace-bearer to some oor soul. You have got to help and if ach does his share eventual victory is invitable."
At the general meeting Mgr. G. S. :nuckey, Vicar-General of the Lancaster Siocese, deputised as chairman for the ;ishop of Lancaster, who had been advised y his doctors not to attend.
We Must Fight
Mgr. McDonald, 0.S.B., in a strong adress urged the S.V.P. to be up-to-date in ombating the many evils of to-day.
If the great society of S.V.P., he said, rhich for centuries had accomplished so mch good and which had spread aroughout the whole world, failed to move rith the times it would pass away, and rould add one more name to those dead rganisations which were the Flotsam and etsam of the ages.
" We are now engaged in a titanic truggle with the powers of darkness. The Popes have palled upon us, and sounded le clarion note of warning which we have cell very sldw to heed.
" The Faith has died out in other coun-ies, but if it should appear to die in this ountry, the Church will depend upon you ) fight the struggle.
" We see large sums of money being iven to the poor. Has every half-crown aat has been given to the poor carried rith it a helping word? If not it has not alfilled the purpose.
" The Holy Father tells us that it is the uty of the laymen to form schemes for ae relief of evil in the world. To the layIan chiefly belongs the privilege to plan the remedy against the evils to the Church."
Purpose of S.V.P. Changing
Continuing, His Grace pointed out that the State had taken over the task of relieving the poor and the unemployed. Although there were many in want there were none destitute, and therefore, in this respect the character of the work of the S.V.P. Society in this country had changed considerably during the past fifty years.
" The spirit of prayer had been deepening throughout the world during these past years and the Pope is ever putting before us the necessity of deeping our sanctity. In other words to become saints. If God gives us the grace by which we can become saints there is nothing to be proud or vain about, but reason to be grateful to God.
" St. Theresa has taught the people the lesson of becoming saints by doing their ordinary everyday work extraordinarily well. What more could a brother of the S.V.P. do?
The Work Means Sacrifice
"The work of an S.V.P. brother meant sacrifice," said His Grace in conclusion. He urged the brothers to read the Papal encyclicals so that they could see and learn just how they could stand in the breach to-day.
A paper on " After-Care Work " was read by Bro. W. E. Atkinson, of Preston.
Progress of the Society
Bro. J. McKnight, the newly-elected National President of the society, was given a tremendous reception at the meeting. Speaking of the progress of the society he stated that there was now sixteen central councils, 92 particular councils, 927 conferences, and over 12,000 actual and honorary members.
MAIDEN CASTLE, DORSET
Great City Of Ancient Britain
Dr. R. E. Mortimer Wheeler, the distinguished archaeologist, with Colonel C. L. Drew, curator at the Dorset County Museum, is conducting the third year's excavations at Maiden Castle, Dorset.
Maiden Castle was one of the great cities of ancient Britain, and, as such an ancestor of the great cities of modern England. A modern parallel would be the now famous town of Wal Wal, in Abyssinia, which, like Maiden Castle, was fortified with a bank, and had an entrance comparable with Maiden Castle, although not so ambitious. In the first year, during a cutting through the rampart, the excavators found traces of occupation 4,000 years ago, left by the Stone Age dwellers. There is nothing in the world to approach this great complex of earthworks for size and elaboration.
Pottery from France By far the most abundant evidence of occupation so far discovered are the fragments of pottery, from which can be pieced together part of Maiden Castle's history. Pottery dating to the fourth century B.C. is of a type developed in N.E. France, and shows that Maiden Castle was once occupied by people from that country. In 100 B.C. there were traces of a new immigration by people from N.W. France, who brought with them new methods of construction, and new principles of war and defence. It is understood that the Office of Works is going to take charge of the Roman temple for permanent preservation.
" It is clear from the excavations," says Dr. Wheeler, " that the interior of Maiden Castle was as completely covered with huts and houses as it possibly could be. It is fair to estimate a population of 100-150 per acre when the town was in its prime. About 45 acres were occupied, which gives a population of 4,000-6,000. That does not seem very large, but you have to remember that the total population in England two thousand years ago was only half-a-million--an eightieth of the present population. Therefore, to bring Maiden Castle to modern standards it is not unfair to multiply its population by 80, giving a city of between 400,000 and 500,000 inhabitants, which brings it into line with our great modern cities, and comparable with Birmingham and Leeds. This is admittedly all guess work, but it gives one some idea of its civic importance."