From a Staff Reporter
Silk hats of M.P.'s, bowler hats of Scotland Yard, were waiting at the Continental Arrivals platform at Victoria Station on Sunday. The Cardinal's train was late; did not arrive until 6.10 p.m.
Pressmen idled in specially built pens, a dozen cameras ranged themselves in readiness, and the "representatives of the laity " chatted.
The Duke of Norfolk was there with Lords FitzAlan, Rankeillour, Kendare (the Earl of Denbigh and Viscount Iddesleigh were unwell, but sent their respectful greetings); four M.P.'s, Sir Patrick Hannon, Sir John Shute, Mr. Alfred Denville and Mr. R. Grant-Ferris. Canon Collins, His Eminence's Secretary and Master of Ceremonies, appeared nervous and excited.
The Gentiitiorno (Captain Sheedy), very striking in black court dress, with his shining sword; more policemen, more plainclothes men. The two Rover Scouts, Messrs. J. Price and L. Ennis, commissioned to carry the Cardinal's Hat and Cappa Magna from the carriage to the cathedral, waited apprehensive of their important duty.
Station Yard Thronged
Forty-five minutes late the train drew in, and the station was filled with the cheering voices of the thousands lining the roadway inside the station, thronging the station yard.
Arthur, Cardinal Hinsley, appeared at the carriage door as the train slowed down. Rosy and smiling, he stepped out on to the platform in his magnificent scarlet silk cassock, rochet, mozetta and pectoral cross,
with the vast scarlet cloak sweeping behind him.
The cheers rose louder as one by one the nobles and the commoners welcoming him on behalf of the Catholics of England dropped on one knee to kiss his ring.
He turned to face the cameras. Then, accompanied by Mgr. Elwes, the Private Secretary, the Gentiluorno, and the Master of Ceremonies, he was driven slowly to the cathedral, followed by a procession of cars bearing the other members of the welcoming delegation.
Crowd Breaks Police Cordon
The crowd along the route broke the police cordon in its enthusiasm and surrounded His Eminence's car, cheering wildly. Gradually the cheers were merged into song; along the whole length of the route the crowd were singing " God Bless Our Pope," Following the last of the cars came the pipers of the Connaught Rangers, swinging down Victoria Street with thousands of Irish following close behind.
From Victoria Station to the cathedral the streets were packed. Along the length ofAmbrosden Avenue, down beyond Westminster Clergy House, the crowds stood patiently. Gay banners of the Grail swayed above their heads, and now and again a group would strike up a hymn.
Patiently they waited outside the cathedral, long since full to overflowing. Many who arrived as early as five o'clock were unable to get in. but they waited outside, hoping for the Cardinal to come out on to the balcony. On Monday night the B.B.C. made their first broadcast to the Near East in Arabic. Unfortunately Bari won this, the first round of their contest, for, while London contented itself with inaugural speeches, "' straight " news, Arabic music and the National Anthem, Bari countered with Arabian love songs.
The B.B.C. have at last secured the promise of a decree from the French Government banning all advertising broadcasts in English from every French station. However the B.B.C. have not yet eliminated all opposition since Radio Luxemburg will continue to operate. According to a recent survey, this latter station is the most popular among English listeners.
The President of the Baird Television Company has criticised the B.B.C. for the unattractiveness of their television programmes.
New Foreign Office Post
Sir Robert Vansittart, chief of the permanent staff of the Foreign Office, has been appointed the first holder of a newly created post, that of " Chief Diplomatic Adviser." This is to relieve the pressure of work which at present weighs on the Foreign Secretary.
Mr. A. P. Herbert's Marriage Act and the new Pensions Act come into force at the opening of this year. By the former, the legal grounds for divorce have been extended to include desertion, cruelty and lunacy. By a further provision of the Act, divorce provisions cannot be presented until three years after the marriage. has taken place, except under certain conditions.
The new Pensions Act is explained in another column.
Diet of School Children
In the annual report for the year 1936 of the Chief Medical Officer of the Board of Education, Sir Arthur MacNalty says that the figures for 1935 and 1936 suggest that undoubtedly there are areas of the country in which incomes are not adequate. The figures relating to child nutrition in 1936 were as follows: per cent.
Excellent nutrition .. 14.6 Normal .. .. 74.2 Slightly sub-normal .. 10.5 Sir Arthur MacNalty also insisted that the supplementary food given to illnourished children should be particularly rich in the costly foods, for example,' milk, eggs, butter, green vegetables, fruit and meat.
A National Institute of Economic and Social Research has been formed to undertake research work in the social sciences. It will be similar in character and perform similar work to the American National Bureau of Economic Research.
Sir Josiah Stamp will be the first President, and Sir William Beveridge, the expert on Unemployment, will be associated with the new Institute.
King Farouk dismissed the Wafdist Prime Minister, Nahas Pasha, after their quarrel over the Constitution had reached a deadlock. The new Prime Minister, Mahmud Pasha, at once issued orders for the disarming and disbanding of all coloured shirt bodies, in particular the Wafdist Blueshirts. But when the police descended on the Blueshirt camps they found them already abandoned by their occupants.
Later, at an election to an office in the Egyptian Bar, an annual event regarded as a barometer of political feeling, the minority supporting the new Government elected their candidate during an uproar caused by the intrusion of the law students. The election was, however, postponed till the afternoon when the Wafdist majority elected their candidate.
When the Chamber met to hear the King's rescript proroguing Parliament for one month, another scene took place in which Nahas Pasha read a motion of want of confidence in the Government despite the prohibition of the President of the Chamber. In the Senate a motion was passed expressing dissatisfaction with the present Cabinet, with only three dissentients.
The President of the Chamber was expelled from the Wafdist party for his action, and has now formed a new party called the Saadist Wafdist party. The Wafdist party have decided to hold a National Congress as soon as possible.
The Far East
The Japanese Government have replied to the British protest against the attacks on British ships on the Yangtze. The Japanese state that the attacks were not intentional. The British Government replied by saying, in diplomatic language, that this is hard to believe. It also asked to be kept informed of the Japanese precautionary measures against such incidents in the future.
China has rejected Japan's peace terms which were communicated by the German Ambassador. The terms were said to be roughly: (1) repudiation of communism, (2) economic co-operation with Japan, (3) some kind of war indemnity, (4) recognition of Manchukuo, (5) demilitarised zones around Shanghai and other places, (6) agree to a Japanese military occupation of certain zones.
Anti-Japanese incidents continue to occur in the international settlements in Shanghai, and may give risc to a serious state of tension between the Japanese and the Powers responsible for public order in these settlements.
The Japanese have requested the Municipal Council to increase the number of Japanese in the police force, to give important administrative posts to Japanese, and to increase the Japanese personnel employed by the Council.
President Roosevelt has made his eagerly expected speech at the opening of Congress, in which he impartially belaboured capital monopoly and dictators. He caused annoyance to the totalitarian countries by his declaration that the dictatorships were a menace to world peace, and said that the world would gradually return to democracy.
The President also reiterated the attack lately launched by his lieutenants, against " Ameriat's sixty families" who control half of American business and more than 120,000,000 of the people of the United States.
A single command of all the armed forces has been abandoned in Russia, and a separate conunissariat for " war and naval affairs " has been created entirely independent of Marshal Voroshiloff, who has until now been in supreme control of all the armed forces of the U.S.S.R.
The lightning strike . in Paris came to a sudden end owing to the firm attitude taken by the Government, who were preparing to carry on the public services by calling men to the Colours.
The French Budget has been passed by both Chamber and Senate. Taking the ordinary and extraordinary Budgets together, there will be a deficit of about 18,500 million francs.
The Economic War
All animal fats of carcases killed in or imported into Italy are liable to be commandeered by the Army, according to a recent decree.
This drastic step is taken because of the urgent necessity of economising fats for war industry.
In Germany. owing to the shortage of pork, sausages are being made out of fish. Meanwhile, a vicious circle has been set up. Other countries, according to the League of Nations Economic advisers, will restrict still further their exports to the Have-Nots as long as the latter persist in trying to do without them. This policy only makes the Have-Nots more determined to be independent of foreign goods.