ARCHBISHOP John Mc Quaid, 76, for the past 31 years Archbishop of Dublin, is to retire for reasons of age, it was announced this week.
He will be succeeded by the Rev. Dermot Ryan, 47, who is professor of Eastern Languages at University College. Dublin.
Dr. Ryan was ordained in 1950 and was appointed chaplain to the Sacred Heart convent at Mount Anville, Dundrum. In 1954 he became chaplain to the Mater Hospital, Dublin, and from 1955 to 1957 was professor of Fundamental Dogmatic Theology and head of Discipline at Holy Cross College, Dublin.
A Dubliner, educated at Belvedere College, Dr. Ryan entered Holy Cross in 1942 and obtained an M.A. degree in Eastern Languages.
A biblical scholar, he obtained Licentiate in Sacred Scripture at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome, in I 954.
A special correspondent writes:
Archbishop John Charles McQuaid, a Holy Ghost priest, and son of a Co. Cavan doctor. was the first member of a religious order to occupy Ireland's most populous See since 1786.
He received part of his early education in Clongowes Wood College, run by the Jesuits, made famous by Joyce in his "Portrait of the Artist."
Here he gave early signs of the high intellectual ability that was to distinguish his academic career. Here he won the gold medal in English and came first in religious knowledge in 1913. also winning a debating prize.
First class honours and scholarships marked his progress at University College, Dublin, where he gained an M.A. degree on the life and philosophy of Seneca. Ordained in 1924. he took the degree Doctor of Theology in Rome, where he also studied oriental languages.
HEADS' CHAIRMAN He became Dean of Studies and finally president of Blackrock College, Dublin, a large boarding school for boys run by the Holy Ghosts.
Here he gained a Higher Diploma in Education and became chairman of the Catholic Headmasters' A s s o ciation, representing Ireland at international educational congresses.
He was appointed Archbishop of Dublin in 1940 and soon showed his ability as an organiser helping his parish priests.
Though personally a shy and retiring personality, his lack of parochial experience did not hamper his desire to help solve Dublin's many social problems.
In 1941 he founded the Catholic Social Service Conference, in 1942 the Catholic Social Welfare Bureau and in 1958 the Dublin Institute of Catholic Sociology.
The Archbishop is popular among the priests of his own diocese. But his disapproval of a Yugoslav soccer team visiting Dublin, criticism of modernistic crib figures used at Dublin airport. loyalty to the Pope's ency0cal on birth control and most recently apparent stand on the issue of clerical control of schools have not endeared him to those of his people who consider themselves progressive.
His retirement was predicted when he reached his 75th birthday in July 1970 in keeping with Pope Paul's expressed wishes, this being in line with his customary loyalty to papal directives.