Page 4, 8th May 1953

8th May 1953
Page 4
Page 4, 8th May 1953 — �,,. A R otten Weapon V IEWED from any angle. General Mark
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�,,. A R otten Weapon V IEWED from any angle. General Mark

Clark's offer of a big bribe to Communist pilots flying out MIG.15 aiicraft to Western bases seems to me to be a deplorable business.

It is damaging to the U.S.A.'s reputation abroad for it has the appearance of confirming the antiAmerican propaganda line that "the Yanks think that you can buy anyone or anything with the almighty dollar."

It weakens the impact of the Christian's main charge against Communism. which is that it is a purely materialistic creed. For here is the so-called Christian West attempting to win over Communist "idealists" on the most materialistic of terms, it strikes the ordinary man—as correspondence in the Press reveals — as ethically indefensible.

But it is no use simply blaming America, whose citizens are, after all, much the same mixture of idealism and modern paganism as our own. General Mark Clark acted in the name of the United Nations, which includes us all. We are jointly responsible for what is done in Korea.

Sir Winston Churchill's cynical comment. in reply to a Parliamentary protest, that "it is very much better to be bribed than killed" is one that he mush now sincerely regret. it seems that this business, which

The Times . described as "repug nant;" "stupid" and "ill-timed," has already besmirched our own political leaders, even if it fails to corrupt the other side.

This is no way in which to fight Communism.

The one encouraging thing is the ample evidence it has provoked that the public conscience, despite the decline of Christian values, still exists and continues to function.

Three aims

MORE boarding schools for girls, more technical schools for boys and the creation of an educated Catholic middle class are the three aims of Bishop Lawrence Hardman for his Vicarate of Zomba. Nyasaland. shortly to become part of the new Central African Federation.

Over lunch the other day Bishop Hardman outlined to me his reasons for attaching so much importance to those tbree necessary developments.

If from federation there comes the economic development which its sponsors have predicted, then great changes are likely to what till now has been the Protectorate, 'be says. And if the Africans themselves are to benefit from it as they should, the technicians and others will have to come from their own ranks. Hence the need for technical schools.

The women of Nyasaland are a great force in their own homes. But they treat their girl children as their domestic slaves and generally hold back the advancement of their people. The only way to liberate the girls is to get some of them lute boarding schools, away from the bad influences of the home. Then a new type of forward-looking Christian womanhood will emerge whose example will in time, he believes, break the old fetters.

And an educated Catholic laity. men and women, can provide the leadership which Nyasaland is going to need so badly as economic development tends to bring with it a new materialism along with an awakening political and racial consciousness.

Dr. Salazar

IRECENTLY heard a group of otherwise politically well-informed men discussing Dr. Oliveira Salazar and his regime. By the time I joined

in they had all got themselves tremendously angry and excited about what they called his police state and about the unfortunate Portuguese masses groaning under a bloody tyranny.

Against the background of nay own fairly brief, thnuah crowded and, at least, first-hand experience of Purtugat and of Dr. Salazar, with whom I was once privileged to spend an evening privately,, it all sounded so unreal that 1 didn't know whether I should laugh or cry.

For if ever there was a benevolent dictator it is the quiet, unpretentious Salazar. Yet, such is the power of

propaganda, the legend of "the

bloody Portuguese dictator" still survives.

It was all the more pleasant, therefore, to read in the Times last Friday a generous editorial tribute to hint

on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of his entry into the Portuguese

Government — though "the Old Thunderer" surely slipped tip when it talked of "the precepts expounded by Pope Leo XII I in two famous encyclicals"?

One might question the validity of some of the points ft made, yet the spirit of the Tint's leader was excellent. It acknowledged the in

corruptibility and the "competent

Government" which he gives his country "with the. least possible

fuss."

"His interest is in Government." it said, "not in politics, which to his mind are a luxury that Portugal— and, indeed, the Western world-simply cannot afford. None of the well-known weaknesses of dictators has ever been observed in .Dr. Salazar; he has never done anything rash: no pomps or pretences distract him from his true pleasures, a balanced budget, an orderly administration and a quiet country."

A secret?

DISCUSSING the nature of the Portuguese State the Times asked: "Is there in this system a secret of which other countries, troubled as they so often arc by maladjustments of democracy, might well make use? it is possible, though at least so far as more developed societies than Portugal are concerned, it is not probable."

It recalled to my mind how Dr. Salazar explained to me that he had adapted the principles of Quadragesinto Anno to what he regarded as peculiarly Portuguese conditions and so, as a blue print of good government, the Encyclical should not he judged by how far his system was suited to other countries.

And, incidentally, I remembered too how, with great conviction, he told me that whilst it was no part of his job as a politician to force Fatima (with all that Fatima means in terms of spiritual regeneration) upon his people it was has responsibility to see that it was possible for them to get there if they wished.

That was one right which would have been denied them by the anticlerical governments that misruled Portugal before Salazar took over,

A.tB.[,:

AS a lover of Chaucer I am naturally delighted that the verse from his "A.B.C. of Our Lady" which I published here last week to celebrate the opening of Our Lady's month has brought appreciative letters from readers.

Some have asked that i should include one verse in this column each week. But this is hardly practicable. There are 26 letters in the alphabet, so it would take six months to get through. But 1 will select a verse for each week of May. Here is the "G" verse

GLORIOUS mayde and moder,

which that never

Were bitter, neither in erthe nor in see, But Lul of swetnesse and of mercy ev r, Help that my fader be not wroth with me!

Spek thou, for I ne dar not him y-see.

So have I doon in erthe, atlas therwhyle!

That certes, hut•if thou my socour be, To stink eterne he wol my ghost exyle,

See 9

IWANTED to refer to the Spanish Government's Labour law so I got out from my bookshelves an official publication on the question, issued in English by the Spanish National Information Service. I did not find the thing I was looking for, but I was not too discouraged for I found this pearl instead:

"The law-giving faculty competes the Ministry of Labour, but the Syndicates are the crucible where the opinions in discord are conciliatory




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