From our Special Correspondent
THIRTY hours after he had left, Pope Paul flew back into Rome on Tuesday morning and immediately went to St. Peter's to report to the Vatican Council on his peace mission to the U.N.
By coincidence, the Bishops in their debate on the Church in the Modern World, had just moved on to the chapter dealing with war and peace.
Having told the Council of his visit, Pope Paul said that "a serious consequence" flowed from the fact that he had announced peace. "We must now be, more than before, workers of peace," he declared. "The Catholic Church has taken on a greater obligation to scree the cause of peace because, through our voice, it solemnly advocated its cause."
The Pope said it was not his task or intention to enter the fields of politics or economics, but to help construct peace through untiring moral support and sometimes also through material and concrete help. "May the Lord grant that we may be able to follow up the testimony of the word with the testimony of action," he added.
Before the Pope spoke, Cardinal Alfrink had strongly criticised
certain parts of the Council text, which he described as dangerous.
The distinction which it contained between the use and possession of arms was a useful one, but because this had given rise to such a "monstrous balance of terror" this was not the time for talking about possession, which could be dangerous in itself.
Every nation, he said, would think of reasons . for possessing arms if we stressed the lawfulness of such possessions. The text should repeat the teachings of Popes Pius XII and John XXIII about the reduction of armaments.
Wars, he added, were not inevitable. They had causes. and these causes should he studied scientifically. This was already being done in the United States, but had not yet been undertaken in Europe. He thought the Council should say something about research of this kind.
Speakers on both Monday and Tuesday aired with considerable vigour the idea of an extra-conciliar secretariat to deal with problems of world hunger.
The suggestion was first made by Archbishop Arriba y Castro of Tarragona, who proposed that such an organisation might be established within the Curia.
Other speakers, notably Bishop Swanstrom. auxiliary of New York. pleaded for an organisation whch would launch a massive inspirational and educational crusade to help combat world hunger and its attendant problems.
The idea of the secretariat is now being demanded by such a wide range of conciliar opinion that its establishment seems almost i nevi tabl e.
Fr. Gerald Mahon, Superior of the Mill Hill Fathers, also made a strong speech on Tuesday supporting the proposal. He discussed in some detail the effect it would have on the life of the Church, on the missions—about which he