Page 1, 8th October 1965

8th October 1965
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Page 1, 8th October 1965 — POPE PAUL'S PEACE CALL SPARKS
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POPE PAUL'S PEACE CALL SPARKS

7,7,:fh:::a OFF NEW HOPES IN WORLD

a moment of recollection, of reflection, almost of prayer. A moment to think anew of our common origin, our history, our common destiny. Today, as never before, in our era so marked by human progress, there is need for an appeal to the moral conscience of man. For the danger comes not from progress, not from science. Indeed, if properly utilised, these could rather resolve many of the grave problems which assail inank;nd. No, the real danger comes from man himself, wielding more powerful arms which can be employed equally well for destruction or for the loftiest conquests.

Vietnam next?

POPE PAUL left New York on Monday night

after a 14-hour whirlwind trip with the world gripped by fresh hopes of major peace moves. For after pleading with the United Nations to do its part for peace, the Pope declared that he would be willing to travel to Peking or even Vietnam to add his contribution.

His dramatic offer came almost as an aside in a brief encounter with a newspaperman before he left John F. Kennedy Airport in New York for his return journey home. Asked if he would go to Peking in his quest for peace, the Pope replied "Certainly". And he said he would also go to Vietnam if he could help to secure peace there.

Press reaction to the Pope's visit was almost universally favourable. Most papers were laudatory and optimistic about the effects of the Pope's pleas for peace. Though there was no direct connection, Pravda, the Moscow Communist paper, came out next day with a proposal for a world-wide disarmament conference next year to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.

REPORT TO THE COUNCIL

Millions of people throughout the world watched the Pope's visit to the U.S. — the first by a reigning Pope to the New World — on television. Seventeen European countries were hooked into the Eurovision telecast which came live via the Early Bird satellite. New York itself went wild over the visit, which was said to be the greatest welcome given to any visitor since General Eisenhower's victorious return from World War 11.

On his return to Rome, the Pope went straight to St. Peter's where he reported to the Vatican Council on his visit. He told the Bishops that because of it the Catholic Church had now a greater obligation to work for peace.

Editorial and text of speech—Page 4 TV coverage—Page 5; Pictures—Page 10

CHINA SEAT

AFTER his plea for peace. the major point raised by the Pope during his 30-minute U.N. address was his apparent support for the admission of Communist China to the world organisation.

Commentators read this interpretation into the Pope's call to the U.N. to "study the right method of uniting to your pact of brotherhood, in honour and loyalty, those who do not yet share it".

The admission of China is clue to be discussed at the General Assembly which has just opened. In former years, the 11.5. had led opposition to her membership because of her aggressive record and totalitarian regime.

The Pope's brief apparent reference to birth control sparked off much comment in the American and European press. He told the U.N. that h "must strive to multiply bread so that it suffices for the tables of mankind, and not rather favour an artifioial control of birth, which would be irrational, in order to diminish the number of guests at the banquet table".

The U.N. has been encouraging programmes of education and assistance to countries operating birth control programmes, though representatives of Catholic nations have opposed it.

New determination

Among the public figures who have commented on Pope Paul's visit was the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Michael Ramsey, who said: "I join with Christian people everywhere in the ardent hope that the Pope's appeal will lead to a new determination of the nations to settle their differences without resort to war."

But a Downing Street spokesman for the Prime Minister, Mr. Harold Wilson, said he would not be commenting on this sort of thing".

In reply to a cable from the Pope, sent while his plane was passing through British air space, the Queen said: "I am deeply grateful to your Holiness for the message which you have sent to me and to my family and people while passing over this country on your historic journey to New York. 1 wish you every success in your mission of peace."

The Pope's peace pilgrimage received favourable comments from many sources. The Tittles of London said "The Pope has brought the United Nations face to face with its charter, and so, collectively and dndividually, with its conscience."

The newspaper said that the Pope's words could give the United Nations a new sense of its own value. But it pointed also to the new value of the Papacy which, "shorn of its temporal influence, finds more eager listeners in a world that is largely nonChristian, than it ever did when the unity of Christendom was an accepted fact".

Tremendous force

The Doily Express commented that some people warn that the Pope, by ceasing to be :remote and inaccessible, reduces his mystique", and calls this "a foolish argument. The Pope's presence is a tremendous force for good."

The paper said that "the mission to New York represents a momentous intervention in world affairs by the head of one of the greatest Churches. Anyone who doubts its importance should study how history has been shaped by the power of faith."

American newspapers generally felt like the Paris edition of the New York Herald Tribane: "May his call for peace be heeded." Italian reaction was favourable and warm. from "triumph" (11 Messageroa) to the "hour of renewal" (D'italia).

Communist news media generContinued an Page 10, Cot.




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