The following is the unofficial English translation of the full text of the Pope's address to the United Nations last Monday.
AS WE BEGIN our address to this unique world audience, we wish to thank your Secretary-General. 11 Thant, for the invitation which he extended to us to visit the United Nations, on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the foundation of this world institution for peace and for collaboration between the peoples of the entire earth.
Our thanks, also, to the President of the General Assembly, Mr. Amintore Fanfani, who used such kind language in our regard from the very day of
We thank all of you for your kind welcome, and we present to each one of you our deferential and sincere salutation. In friendship you have invited us and admitted us to this meeting: and. it is as a friend that we are here today.
We express to you our cordial personal homage, and we bring you that of the entire Second Vatican Ecumenical Council now meeting in Rome and represented there by the eminent Cardinals who accompany us for this purpose. In their name and in our own, to each and every one of you, honour and greeting.
THIS ENCOUNTER, as you all understand, marks a simple and at the same time a great moment. it is simple, because you have before you a humble man—your brother.
And among you all, representatives of Sovereign States, he is the least-invested, if you wish to think of him thus, with a minuscule. as it were symbolic, temporal sovereignty, only as much as is necessary to he free to exercise his spiritual mission, and to assure all those who deal with him that he is independent of every other sovereignty of this world.
But he who now addresses you has no temporal power, or any ambition to compete with you, in fact, we have nothing to ask for, no question to raise: we have only a desire to express and a permission to request—that of serving you insofar as we can, with disinterest, with humility and love.
This is our first declaration. As you can see, it is so simple as to seem insignificant to this Assembly, which always treats of most important and most difficult matters. We said also, however, and all here today feel it,, that this moment is also a great one—great for us, great for you.
You know well who we are. Whatever may he the opinion you have of the Pontiff of Rome, you know our mission. We are the hearer of a message for all mankind. And this we are, not only in our own personal name and in the name of the great Catholic Family: but also in that of those Christian brethren who share the same sentiments which we express here, particularly of those who so kindly charged us explicity to be their spokesman here.
LiKE A MESSENGER who, after a long journey, finally succeeds in delivering the letter which has been entrusted to him. we appreciate the good fortune of this moment, however brief, which fulfils a desire nourished in the heart for nearly twenty centuries.
For, as you will remember, we are very ancient: we here represent a long history: we here celebrate the epilogue of a wearying pilgrimage in search of a conversation with the entire world, ever since the command was given to us: "Go and bring the good news to all peoples."
Now, you here represent all peoples. Allow us Ito tell you that we have a message, a happy message, to deliver to each one of you and to all.
We might call our message a ratification, a solemn moral ratification of this lofty institution. This message comes from our historical experience.
As "an expert in humanity", we bring to this organisation the suffrage of our recent predecessors, that of the entire Catholic Episcopate and our own, convinced as we are that this organisation represents the obligatory path of modern civilisation and of world peace.
In saying this, we feel we are making our own the voice of the dead and of the living: of the dead, who fell in the terrible wars of the past: of the living who survived those wars, bearing in their hearts a condemnation of those who would try to renew wars: and also of those living who rise up fresh and confident, the youth of the present generation, who legitimately dream of a better human race.
And we also make our own the voice of the poor. the disinherited. the suffering, of those who hunger and thirst for justice, for the dignity of life. for freedom, for well-being and progress.
The peoples of the earth turn to the United Nations as the last hope of concord and peace: we presume to present here, with their tribute of honour and of hope, our own tribute also.
THAT IS WHY this moment is great for you, also. We feel that you are already aware of this. Hearken now to the continuation of our message. it becomes a message of good wishes for the future. The edifice which you have constructed must never fall: it must he perfected, and made equal to the ficeds which world history will present. You mark a state in the development of mankind from which retreat must never be admitted, but from v hich it is necessary that advance be made.
To the pluralism of States which can no longer ignore one another, you offer an extremely simple and fruitful formula of co-existence. First of all, you recognise and distinguish the ones and the others. You do not confer existence upon States. but you qualify each single nation as fit to sit in the orderly congress of peoples.
That is, you grant recognition, of the highest ethical and juridical value, to each single sovereign national community, guaranteeing it an honoured international citizenship.
This in itself is a great service to the cause of humanity, namely to define clearly and to honour the national subjects of the world community, and to classify them in a juridical condition, worthy thereby of being recognised and respected by all. and from which there may derive an orderly and stable system of international life.
tit ti' ti YOLI GIVE SANCTION to the great principle that the relations between peoples should be regulated by reason, by justice. by law, by negotiation : not by force, or by violence, not by war, not by fear or by deceit.
Thus it must be. Allow us to congratulate you for having had the wisdom to open this hall to the younger peoples, to those States which have recently attained independence and national freedom. This presence is the proof of the universality and magnanimity which inspire the principles of this institution.
This it must be. This is our praise and our good wish: and, as you can see, we do not attribute these as from outside. We derive them from inside, from the very genius of your institution.
Your Charter goes further than this, and our message advances with it. You exist and operate to unite the nations, to bind States together.
Let us use this second formula: to bring the ones together with the others. You are an association. You are a bridge between peoples. You are a network of relations between States.
We would almost say that your chief characteristic is a reflection. as it were, in the temporal field. or what our Catholic Church aspires to he in the spiritual-field: tuuque.ansi utuver%t7,1.
Tn the ideological construction of mankind, there is on the natural level nothing superior to this. Your vocation is to make brothers not only of some, but of all peoples. A difficult undertaking, indeed: but this is your most noble undertaking.
ar. •■ I5 THERE ANYONE who does not see the necessity of coming thus progressively to the establishment of a world authority, able to act efficaciously on the juridical and political levels?
Once more we reiterate our good wish: advance always. We will go further, and say: strive to bring • hack among you any who have separated themselves, and study the right method of uniting to your pact of brotherhood. in honour and loyalty, those who do not yet share in it.
Act so that those still outside will desire and merit the confidence of all : and then be generous in granting such confidence. You have the good fortune and the honour of sitting in this assembly of peaceful community.
1-lere us as we say: ensure that the reciprocal trust which here unites you, and enables you to do good and great things, may never be undermined or betrayed. The inherent logic of this wish, which might he considered to pertain to the very structure of your organisation, leads us to complete it with other formulas. Thus, let no one, inasmuch as he is a member of your union, he superior to the others: never one above the other.
This is the formula of equality. We are well aware that it must be completed by the evaluation of other factors besides simple membership in this institution. But equality, too, belongs to is constitution.
+ .�. it 1 YOU ARE NOT EQUAL, but here you make
yourselves equal. For several among you this may be an act of high virtue. Allow us to say this to you, as the representative Of a religion which accomplishes salvation through the humility of its Divine Founder: men cannot he brothers if they are not humble.
It is pride. no matter how legitimate it may seen to be. which provokes tension and struggles for prestige, for predominance, colonialism, egoism: that is, pride disrupts brotherhood.
And now our message reaches its highest point, which is, at first, a negative point. You are expecting us to utter this sentence, and we are well aware of its gravity and solemnity: not the ones against the others, never again, never more.
It was principally for this purpose that the organisation of the United Nations arose: against war. in favour of peace.
Listen to the lucid words of the great departed .lohn Kennedy, who proclaimed, four years ago: "Mankind must put an end to war, or war will put an end to mankind". Many words are not needed to proclaim this loftiest aim of your institution.
It suffices to remember that the blood of millions of men, that numberless and unheard of sufferings. useless slaughter and frightful ruin, are the sanction of the pact which unites you with an oath which must change the future history of the world: no more war. war never again. Peace. It is peace which must guide the destinies of peoples and of all mankind.
i� ■ ri
�'M RATITUDE 10 YOU, glory to you, who for Vt twenty years have laboured for peace. Gratitude and glory to you for the conflicts which you have prevented or have brought to an end.
The results of your efforts in recent days in favour of peace even if not yet proved decisive, are such as to deserve that we. presuming to interpret the sentiments of the whole world, express to you both praise and thanks.
Gentlemen, you have performed. and you continue to perform. a great work: the education of mankind in the ways of peace. The United Nations is the great school where that education is im parted. and we are today in the Assembly Hall of that school.
Everyone taking his place here becomes a pupil and also a teaclfer in the art of building peace. When you leave this hail the world looks upon you as the architects and constructors of peace. Peace, as you know. is not built up only by means of politics. by the balance of forces and of interests. it is constructed with the mind. with ideas, with works of peace. You labour in this great construction, but you are still at the begin. nings.
SJILL THE WORLD ever succeed In changing that selfish and bellicose mentality which, up to now, has been interwoven in so much of its history?
It is hard to foresee: but it is easy to affirm that it is towards that new history, a peaceful, truly human history, as promised by God to men of goodwill, that we must resolutely march. The roads thereto are already well marked out for you: and the first is that of disarmament.
If you wish to be brothers, let the arms fall from your hands. One cannot love while holding offensive arms. Those armaments, especially those terrible arms which modern science has given you.
Continued on Page 9