on the Shannon for devotions—with an open-air Mass—at which the Bishop of Ardagh and Clonrnaceois presided.
To-day, Clonmacnois is but a green hill in the river bend, crowned by a field of crosses and the ruins of the medieval city; there are no inhabitants save the innumerable dead, Yet Clonmacnois was second only to Armagh as a centre of sanctity and learning in ancient Ireland, and its abbot was consulted by Charlemagne's secretary eleven hundred years ago as the wisest of counsellors.
Dr. MacNamee, himself a distinguished scholar, has encouraged the revival of devotion at this remote and solitary river shrine where, in the sixth century, St. Ciaran. son of the Wright, founded the monastery and school.
There is hardly a more impressive historic sight in Ireland than this medieval hill of ruins approached by water, as travellers from far lands approached it of old; and one has met American students voyaging thither to study the relies of Celtic antiquity.