From Our Own Correspondent Mr. Eamonn Donnelly, who BhEtasr served a month's imprisonment in Belfast Gaol for having contravened an " Exclusion Order " which forbade him to reside in his native town of Newry (Co. Down) where his wife and family live, has been " released." From the prison Mr. Donnelly was escorted by two detectives to a waiting police car and was driven at his own request to his home in Newry, the scene of his arrest. Some days later he was visited by the local Head-constable of Police, who informed him that an expulsion order was still in force and must be obeyed that day.
Up to the time of going to Press the ex-TD. and member of the Executive of the Fianna Fail Party remains at home and defies the "clear-out " order.
"/ will fight this on principle," said Mr. Donnelly, " not merely for my own sake, hut for the sake of the other victims of a tyrannical system which has no regard for the liberty of the subject."
Possible Repercussions The scandalous treatment of Mr. Donnelly by the Northern Home Office has aroused much bitter feeling in Eire. Many of the County Councils and other public bodies have registered strong protests, and a resolution passed by the Donegal County Council stated: "We are convinced that the most effective measure for bringing acts of this kind to an end is the reimposition of the Northern boycott."
Later this resolution was withdrawn on receipt of a letter from the Secretary of the Department of External Affairs stating that Mr. de Valera had requested him to assure the Council that the question of Irish citizens imprisoned in Belfast Gaol continued to occupy the serious attention of the Government.
British Government Should Take Action Domicile is one of the fourteen matters which under the Government of Ireland Act, 1920, are Reserved to the Imperial Parliament and upon which the local Parliament has no power to legislate.
In issuing Exclusion Orders the Six Counties Government are acting urwonstitat. tionally.
In order to circumvent this provision of the Act the Craigavon Government Ads resorted to the subterfuge of glowing tee person so excluded to reside in one sinall and carefully circumscribed area. Age-aid. ing to the Report of the Corginaission .of Enquiry in the "Special Powers Act" teet up by the National Council for Civil Liberties, London) :"This area is seiTeetil so as to cut off the recipient of the order from his domestic and social ties and so to drive him by force of necessity from Ulster*. There can be little doubt that the employment of 'Exclusion Orders ' for /hi's purpose is unconstitutional as violating the provisions of the ` Government of Irelanck Act. (This view is clearly accurate as far as such orders served upon persons abcatit to disembark in Northern Ireland are concerned).
" There is no appeal or any redevs against the making of an Exclusion °id& Its recipient is virtually outlawed."
Ulster must be taken here to mean the Six of the Nine Counties of the Province of -Mater which were partitioned from the rest of Ireland by a British Act of Parliament.
At the September meeting of the Belfast Corporation a motion of Alderman Pierce (Unionist) backed by the Nationalist and Independent members of the Council to abolish the Chairmen's Committee, set up to deal with the question of the condition of appointment to clerkships and the grading of officers, was defeated by the dominant clique.
Alderman Pierce described the present system as a racket, a racket controlled by a party—a party of racketeers. He said he was willing to sacrifice his public position, but they would find him more troublesome outside the Council. Amidst a regular din the Alderman heatedly remarked: " You are a one-sided party. You are not democratic."
Alderman R. Byrne and other Nationalist members spoke of the grave injustice done to the Catholic minority by the granting of such powers to the Committee of twenty without a single Catholic representative. " Recently men had got into the Council," said Alderman Byrne, " who would not give work to one solitary Catholic if they could help it."
Catholics are 23.8 per cent. of Belfast's population; the Ward arrangement only admits of eight Catholics being returned to a Council of 60 members; there are 20 Corporation Committees all controlled by the " racketeering " party.
No Border Here At the same meeting of the Belfast Corporation, amongst the various minutes of the Committees passed, one minute of the Public Health Committee read: " The Medical Superintendent of the (Purdasburn Fever) hospital reported that in the cases of two children in the hospital, who were suffering from diptheritie paralysis and were in grave danger, he considered it desirable to use the Bragg-Paul Pulsator, and such apparatus had kindly been lent by the Cork Street Fever Hospital, Dublin, with highly satisfactory results.
Resolved.--That an expression of thanks be tendered to the management of the Cork Street Fever Hospital for the loan of the apparatus."
"Religion of Urbanity,"
A young Northern writer and lecturer on agricultural problems, Mr. G. B. Newe, of Cushendall, Co, Antrim, read a paper at the second rural week of Muintir na Tire in Ardmore, Co. Waterford, on "The Plough, Pigs, Potatoes and Grass as the Basis of Sound Farm Economy."
Mr. Newe, in describing agricultural land in Ireland and in most of the other countries of the world as a " widely-distributed distressed area," advocated for Ireland a policy for the maintenance of a larger population in reasonable comfort upon the land in preference to a policy for the greater and more economic production of food.
" I am not insensible to the economic difficulties which have beset our countryside in recent years," said Mr. Newe, " and of them I can speak with sad experience. But neither am I insensible to the fact that a new religion is being preached throughout the land—the Religion of Urbanity, founded on the doctrine that ease and plenty are the ends of life, and it is to those gods we must burn incense."