Says The Pope
CASTE G ANDOLFO.
Broadcasting to the closing meeting of the 73rd annual German Catholic Congress in Bochum, in the Ruhr, the Pope said: "The world of labour must not be permitted to fall into the hands of Godless materialism."
He said that, at the wish of the Archbishop of Paderborn, he was addressing himself to " you who in the heart of the Ruhr under the impressive signs of high industrial production, but above all in the sign of the towering Cross, have come in huge masses to this
solemn manifestation of faith."
The Pope recalled the days when, as Nuncio, he was himself in Germany. and continued : "Today, after less than two decades, which brought greater trial and sufferings than past centuries, we see Catholic Germany assembled again on the ground of Westphalia to seek the way to reconstruction and peace from the teachings of the events which have happened since," The Holy Father gave his hearers what he called five points, " principles of orientation " on social reorganisation.
In the country of Bishop William Emmanuel von Ketteler, no just man can dare accuse the Church of not bearing in mind and in the heart the problem of the workers and, indeed, the entire social question in general.
"Since our predecessor, Leo XII, some 60 years ago issued the encycheat Rerun: Novarum, few problems have drawn the solicitude of the Supreme Pastors of the Church more than the social question.
" But social needs demand sacrifices from all those who have a stake in society. These sacrifices must be made. They can be postponed less today than ever before.
"2 The social programme of the Church is based on three powerful moral pillars: Truth, Justice and Christian Charity. To deviate even a single hair's breadth from these principles would be impossible for the Church, even if it had to renounce the momentary propaganda successes and damp down the fervour of the fight.
"The Church has always been in favour of those who seek the right and are in need of help, but on principle it has never been against any group, social stratum or class, but rather looks to the common good of all members of a nation and of the State.
CO-OPERATION The Church does not cease to act in order that the apparent contradiction between capital and labour, between the entrepreneur and the worker, may transform itself into a superior unity; that is, into that organic co-operation of the two parts which is demanded by nature itself and which consists in the co-operation of both parts, depending on the activity and the economic field, and in the co-ordination of professions.
" May God grant that the day may not be too far off when those organisations of self-defence, which existing defects of the economic system and lack of Christian outlook have made necessary, will stop functioning. It is your job to pre
"3 pare the advent of that day in your country.
CULTURAL POLICY The cultural Christian policy and the social Christian policy cannot be separated because the self-same Christian is the source and the end of both of them.
" The Christian social policy belongs to the Christian cultural policy, just as a separate organ belongs to an entire organism. If the former is separated from the latter, it perishes.
"5. The world of labour must not be permitted to fall into the hands of those who preach Godless
materialism. Everything must be done, even to the extreme, to rescue the workers for God and Christ.
• " If a demarcation line binding on all Catholics was drawn recently between the Catholic faith and the atheistic Marxism, it was done for the same reason, namely, to throw up a dam to rescue not only those who labour but all men, without exception, from Marxism, which denies God and the worship of God."
The Holy Father then called for the preservation of the Christian life of the family. " Where it still exists, principally on the farm. preserve and defend it. because it is in great danger of being lost.
" Where it has already disappeared, mainly in certain working quarters of towns, rebuild it. You cannot give your children anything more precious than the life and Christian perfection of the family."